“Guns, Germs, and Steel” by Jared Diamond
The key theme of Jared Diamond’s book “Guns, Germs, and Steel” is the history of societies and cultures as well as their place in that history. In 1998, it won the prize for a nonfiction book and became the national best seller that year. Diamond caught the attention of the public by his book with a fascinating account of more than 13000 years of human evolution and development. He contends that the lapses in power and technology in the human societies originated from differentiated environments. The author argues that while cultural or genetic make-up has favored Eurasians regarding resistance to endemic diseases and development of writing earlier than on the other continents, these advantages occurred due to the impact of geography on civilizations and values; therefore, they are not inherited by the Eurasian genomes (Diamond 16).
Diamond’s thesis is that geography and the environment are important factors in shaping the world into a better place. He expounds on this phenomenon during his field research in Guinea. While he was there, one of his New Guinean friends asked him one question. In the book, he tries to answer Yali’s question “Why did the white people develop so many guns and brought it to Guinea while the blacks had little cargo of their own?”. The cargo referred to in this text is technology. The technological tools and machinery include computers, cell phones, Internet, and simple tools such as the axes and accessories. At that time, Africans were using stone tools; Diamond tries to analyze the factors that lead to the between one culture and another (Diamond and Merrett 801).
To find the answer, Diamond examines millions of years of history mapping the migration of humans from Africa to Eurasia, from Asia to Pacific Ocean islands as well as from Serbia to America. He