Backus and Chapian (2000) discuss how the fruit of a person stems from what they believe, so if a person believes an error the actions and behavior will be based off what he believe. According to Backus misbelief is the self-talk, the stinking thinking that people have. The thoughts that people tend to dwell on and relive constantly in their mind is misbelief the concept of self-talk. Dr. Adams approach to counseling is founded on the word “of God”. Adams references scripture throughout the process of his theory but he specifically references 2 Timothy 3:14-17 pertaining to change.
Critically evaluate Wittgenstein’s language games theory as an approach to religious language. God’s transcendence means there is widespread discussion as to how any statements in regards to his existence or nature can be deemed as ‘meaningful’. Influential philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein 1889 - 1951 was heavily involved in studies of Language and developed the idea that the purpose of philosophy was to clear up the conceptual confusions that arose through our unexamined use of language (including statements of religious significance and any religious language) and that words are a function of language, not just simply a signifying of an object. 'Whereof one cannot speak, therefore one must be silent.' Wittgenstein believed, in opposition to Rene Descartes’ Cogito Ergo Sum (I think, therefore I am) that language was a social product, and that statements made about the world were basic and 'groundless' and believed that judgement through opposing 'language games' was not possible, as they are parts of different discourse.
This distinction also helps us look into our own minds, to better analyze our thoughts and beliefs when it comes to religion. Learning the distinction between ‘Natural Religion’ and ‘Biblical Faith’ will help with analyzing both past arguments we have learned, and arguments that have yet to come. In Herberg’s esteemed writing, “Biblical Faith and Natural Religion” he begins the paper with an introduction to some of Jules Masserman’s ideas. In presenting Masserman’s ideas of “The Ur-Defenses of Man” [Herberg 175], Herberg is able to set up a basis for his argument. Masserman at heart agrees with Freud’s argument that religion is an illusion humans hold onto, but he makes a key distinction in saying that this illusion is necessary for the well doing of human beings, “they are substitutive or compensatory beliefs, quite necessary to make human life at all livable” [Herberg 177].
How can what is wrong with the world and what is wrong with my life, be fixed?” (Entwistle, 2010, p. 68). He claims that worldviews are “learned more than they are chosen, and our ability to reflect on them is limited” (Entwistle, 2010, p. 67). He endevors to convey the important fact that worldviews affect how we think about everything, therefore, it is important to understand the formation of psychology and theology in order to integrate them. Through brief retellings of the history of Christianity and Psychology by way of lessons in Epistomology, Metaphysics, and Philosophical Anthropology, Entwistle examines the worldviews each have helped to create. Entwistle moves from description of worldviews to the development of worldview through models.
The film introduces several different ethical theories that could be used to resolve the crisis that Judah the central character is facing. Sol, his father lives by the divine command theory. “God’s will is revealed through scripture.” The Rabbi Ben, Judah’s friend, lives the theistic natural law theory, “And I couldn’t go on if I didn’t feel with all my heart that there’s a moral structure—with real meaning—with forgiveness and some kind of higher power.” Prof Levy leans more toward Kant’s ethical theory simply put “Do unto other others as you would have done to you.” It is quite apparent from his choices that the only person Judah is truly concerned about is himself as we see how he reacts to threats from his mistress, Dolores that would ruin his reputation, his standing in the community and the life as he knows it. Judah’s dilemma arises because he has committed adultery with a flight attendant, Delores; he met on the way to a medical conference. He chooses to have an affair with this women who he has made promises to about their life together.
Dawkins and Aquinas: Theology Whether it’s argumentative or sentimental, an author always aims to get a significant truth across to the reader. In the novel “The God Delusion,” Richard Dawkins analyzes many theories that theologians have developed about the existence of God and essentially squanders them. Through his unique sense of humor and his idea of “logic”, he gives reasons of why the theories of Thomas Aquinas, and other theories as well, are not well developed and are incorrect. Although he does raise some interesting points in his arguments, he does not address enough issues to completely reject the theories of God’s existence. God has a very broad meaning and the meaning varies from person to person.
Does God Exist? Descartes’ Argument and Proofs Rene Descartes considers what he can be sure to be true in his Meditations on First Philosophy. His meditations cover a vast variety of areas: the nature of the mind and body, the senses, the essence and existence of material things; but of all of these topics, one of his most thought-provoking and fascinating meditations is that on the existence of God. His argument is fairly well stated, but it is not flawless in its reasoning and logic. Through explanation and analysis of his position, this paper will set out his belief on the existence of God, the importance of this argument to his overall position, and to discuss several of the problems in his reasoning.
He talks about our consciences, both authoritarian and humanistic. He even goes into detail about why it’s better to Garra 2 obey out of love then out of fear. Erich also states that “For centuries, obedience was insisted as a virtue, and disobedience was insisted as a vice.”(Fromm 683). This statement implies that obeying was the right thing to do, and disobeying was the wrong thing to do. He even uses religion and terms that deal with religion throughout his article for more evidence.
Although people say that they would help in an emergency situation, people will pass the responsibility on to others because of fear, selfishness, and nonchalant thinking. I will give my thoughts and incorporate the story of The Good Samaritan in the following paragraphs on the concept of the bystander effect. The story of the Good Samaritan can be found in Luke 10:25-37. This story is about Jesus teaching the concept of love. A lawyer asks Jesus what he should do to inherit eternal life.
God also has standards for man regarding morality and/or ethics. He gave us the ability to choose, even knowing that we could choose to disregard His guidelines or Commandments. In Exodus 20:6 we are told how to please God. Though we may please God, in Ephesians 2:8-10, we see what we must ultimately do to atone for man’s fall from God. “How a Christian lives their life reveals their spiritual condition” (Weider & Gutierrez, 2011, p.65).