However, some results may be invalidated by the participants knowing either the true aim of the study or the fact that they are being studied at all. If the participant was to know the true nature of the study, they may adapt their behaviour in order to fit in (socially desirable) or they may act in a way that they think the researcher is expecting (demand characteristics). For example, in Milgram's electric shock experiment, it is highly likely that more participants would have delivered the higher shocks to the 'learner' if they had known the reality of the entire study. This makes the participants actions and behaviour unnatural and could invalidate the data completely. When considering this issue, sociologists should also consider that participants should also be offered the right to refuse.
Depression Anna Samora PSY/270 - ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY: ABUSE, ADDICTION, AND DISORDERS July 8, 2012 STEPHANIE FLINN Depression Depression is something we all got to deal with in some point in our life. Depression is a low sad state in which life seems dark and its challenges overwhelming (Comer, R. J. (2005). Fundamentals of abnormal psychology (4th ed.). New York, NY: Worth.).
Maybe problems occurred and the negative attention is being focused on a certain person, and then they might use a scapegoat to try and escape the the tension and blame. Most people don’t want to face what they did wrong, so they go to scapegoats to relieve their pressure. Jeffrey Sherman of the University of California, Davis, who co-wrote the study, Why We Kick Others When We’re Down, says, "This is one of the oldest accounts of why people stereotype and have prejudice: It makes us feel better about ourselves, when we feel bad about ourselves, we can denigrate other people, and that makes us feel better about ourselves." Frequently, they use scapegoats as an aggression outlet. A person could bash the scapegoat down repeatedly because they know that the scapegoat cannot fight back, resembling a bully.
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There is also a large amount of self-loathing this is when you’re feeling worthless or guilty and are also harshly criticizing your mistake, choices or fault. 2) Explain in your own words the signs and symptoms of anxiety (ensure you use reliable websites e.g. government websites, book and the DVD on depression and suicide). Anxiety is when you are
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