Bolwby's Theory of Attachment (Short Essay)

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Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment Bowlby was first recorded proposing his “Maternal Deprivation Hypothesis” in 1951 he believed that a child needed a “warm and continuous relationship with the primary care giver” to have a normal internal working model, which suggests a consistency between early and later relationship attachments (this is also called the continuity hypothesis). If this monotropic bond is broken or left undeveloped it will impede the child’s; social, emotional and cognitive development; both in infancy and later life. He then proceeded to spend years changing this idea until he came up with today’s “theory of attachment” which looks more at why and how this bond is formed. The theory suggests that attachment is an innate process for both the child and the primary care giver, the person who is most sensitive to the child’s needs this means that we are born with the capacity to care about someone and that, especially as an infant, we have a tendency to form a strong qualitative bond with one particular individual. For babies and infants this would be the primary care giver, normally the mother. This is called monotropy and to help form this bond infants use things called social releasers which are simply things like giggling or copying others to attract attention, these are positive social releasers things that make you think that you want that to happen again but there are also negative social releasers, such as crying, that make you want them to stop and so you attempt to find and fix the problem. Whatever the differences both kinds achieve their aim of attracting your attention. Bowlby suggested that, like other biological processes, attachment has a Critical period in which to form the bond. He believed that in this case the most likely case scenario was that you had to form an attachment within the first two and a half years of your life or not
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