“Why did the Bolsheviks win the Civil War?”
Bolsheviks were one of the oppositions of the Tsar who were led by Lenin. They were one of the minor groups who were against the Tsar but then their supporters and followers had increased making them stronger and invulnerable. They’ve fought for what they thought was right and this led them to the success they’ve always wanted – taking over Russia. But at the end of the year 1918, a civil war occurred between the Red Army who were mainly the Bolsheviks, and the White Army who were consisted of the Social Revolutionaries, Mensheviks, supporters of the Tsar, workers and capitalists, and the Americans, British and French. The White Armies had outnumbered the Red Armies but the Red Army still managed to win the Civil war. How did that happen?
The Bolsheviks had some advantages which led them to their success while the Whites who had some disadvantages had led them to their fall. One of the advantages of the Bolsheviks from the Whites is that they are united and disciplined by Lenin and Trotsky. Trotsky, who was in control of the Bolsheviks by that time, had magnificently handled them. The White Army’s size was no match to the small number but disciplined members of the Red Army. The Red Army, who kept strict control over their heartlands in Western Russia, made sure that the towns and armies were fed, and that the population was kept under strict control. The foods were taken from the peasants by force and these foods will be rationed to avoid food shortages and to maintain their population. And lastly, the Reds had important territorial advantages which enabled them to move their troops quickly.
The White Army had a great number of armies but didn’t know how to manage them. First of all, they were not united and disciplined and different groups had different aims unlike the Bolsheviks who worked as one. They were also scattered making it hard for them to meet up and plan tactics and strategies on how are they going...