Bolshevik Revolution Essay

2097 WordsDec 4, 20129 Pages
Why Revolution and the Bolsheviks? Russia in the early twentieth century was a place ridden with poverty and inequality. The people of Russia were tired of the oppressive rule instilled by the czar, Nicholas II, and desperately seeking political reforms. Although nationalism within the country survived, the ideas of socialism began to become prevalent as the working class sought out civil liberties during a major world war. As a result, The Bolshevik party went on to seize power in Russia by giving a population at unrest a government that represented the people’s ideals at an absolutely crucial point in time. Although animosity toward the imperialist government in Russia had become widespread due to the Russo-Japanese war, catastrophe truly struck Russia on Sunday, January 22, 1905 when George Capon, on behalf of the Assembly of Factory Workers petitioned to Nicholas II asking for more rights, writing “We are impoverished and oppressed, unbearable work is imposed on us, we are despised and not recognized as human beings. We are treated as slaves… but we are pressed ever deeper into the abyss of poverty, ignorance and lack of rights” (Hickey) What started off as a peaceful protest forever became known as Bloody Sunday, a massacre in which Russian soldiers shot down 1,000 innocent civilians. In reaction to the turmoil, Nicholas II issued his famous October Manifesto granting certain political rights, including more civil liberties for the people and a legislative council known as the Duma. The year of these riots saw the general dissemination of frustration towards the governments, but produced no more than a few massive strikes gone violently wrong. The Duma’s power, however, was diminished to practically nothing, and the ideas of socialist idealists such as Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks began to gain popularity. While major political reform had not truly

More about Bolshevik Revolution Essay

Open Document