Body Fat and Eating Disorders Essay

1151 WordsApr 10, 20135 Pages
Body Fat and Eating Disorders Body composition is the phrase used to describe the percentages of fat, bone and muscle in the human body. Because muscular tissue takes up less space in our body than fat tissue, our body composition, as well as our weight, determines how lean we are. Two people of equal height and body weight may look completely different from each other because they have a different body composition. According to the Livestrong.com website, too much body fat is a health problem. People often think of being overweight as a cosmetic problem, because in our culture being thin is acceptable whereas being overweight is not. Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by multiplying your weight in kilograms by your height in meters squared. The resulting body mass index number is used to estimate body fat. A BMI calculation cannot provide specifics on the exact amount of fat on a person's body. However, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that there is a direct relationship between an elevated BMI and excessive body fat. A healthy BMI is anywhere between 18.5 and 24.9. Being overweight or maintaining a BMI above 25 can pose serious health risks. Excess body fat has been linked to cancer, stroke, heart disease, pregnancy complications, and type 2 Diabetes. The most dangerous type of weight is core body fat, which is known as abdominal obesity. Most people store excess weight above and below the waistline where it is most dangerous. Carrying excess fat increases your risk for many medical conditions including arthritis, gallstones, liver disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and sleep apnea. While genetics does play a role in our body size, it is our behavior that contributes the most to being overweight or obese. Some illnesses or medications may lead to weight gain or obesity. For example, I have been diagnosed with hypothyroid disease,

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