Body Dysmorphic Disorder Essay

1121 WordsApr 19, 20125 Pages
Body dysmorphic disorder characterized as an anxiety disorder in which one is constantly concerned with what they believe is a defect in their physical appearance. Most common locations on the body include skin, hair, and the nose. The disorder is estimated to affect 1 in every 200 persons and is most commonly developed during teenage years. Although the direct cause differs from person to person, some common causes are teasing and criticism as well as parents who put an emphasis on the importance of one’s physical appearance. Another common cause is caused by the media and the importance of beauty demonstrated by models and actors. A chemical cause of the disorder may come from an insufficient amount of serotonin in the body which may have been cause by heredity. An estimated 20% of sufferers have at least one first-degree relative with the same disorder. Body dysmorphic disorder was first discovered in 1886 by Enrique Morselli, an Italian psychopathologist. At the time he referred to it as "Dysmorphophobia." Psychologists decided to rename the disorder from Dysmorphophobia to Body Dysmorphic Disorder because they believed the old term implied to the presence of a behavioral pattern of public avoidance. The name change became official in the forth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Symptoms of Body dysmorphic disorder are numerous. The common symptoms are: Obsessive thoughts, Depression, Delusional thoughts, Social withdrawal, Suicidal ideation, Anxiety, Low self-esteem, Avoidant and Dependent personalities, and many more. Some sufferers have even found work or other simple tasks impossible due to their inability to focus on much besides their appearance. Studies have shown that severe symptoms can cause an individual’s grades to suffer. Many of the behaviors and symptoms found with BDD have been found similar to those who

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