The Rise of Black Nationalism in the 1960’s The Black Nationalism Movement of the 1960’s is often identified with the avocation of black separatism that was inspired by Malcolm X after he converted to the Islamic faith. As the Black Nationalism Movement surged in popularity, pre-existing groups such as SNCC and CORE, as well as new groups such as the Black Panther Party began to advocate black power and restricted membership to blacks only. The Black Panther Party was formed in October of 1966 by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale. The party was devoted to black power, ‘non-violence’ and militant self-defense. Though the party was committed to ‘non-violence, aggression quickly became associated with black power and with the Black Panther Party through mistreatment of women, robberies, and shootings, especially after Huey Newton was arrested in 1967 for shooting and killing a police officer.
He was a Baptist minister as well as civil rights activist who fought for the rights and representation of the black Americans. He was against racial discrimination that was being perpetuated by the white counterparts. On the other hand, Nelson Mandela was born in South Africa in 1918, and he is still alive. He was one of the African leaders who have gone in the books of history for fighting tirelessly for the representation of Africans and Indians in the government. He was instrumental in bringing to an end the apartheid regime, which mistreated Africans by denying them land and other fundamental rights.
Martin Luther King Jr. was an African American man who protested for the rights of freedom and equality for all the African American's present in the United States of America. He lead the Civil Rights Movement for all the black American's who were being treated unfairly during the period of 1950 to 1970. Formerly named Michael King, his father changed his name to MKL in honor of the German reformer Martin Luther. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 for his fight against racial in-equality using non-violence. He gave the speech "I Have a Dream" in 1963 on the "March to Washington" after which he established himself as one of the greatest orators in the history of America.
“The party aimed to gain complete control of the institutions in thecommunity.” (Van Peebles 75) The Black Panthers were aiming to achieve the total control of allthe institutions in the community.By late 1968 the Black Panthers were armed with members who were eager to applyvarious points of their 10-Point Program. The Black Panthers hoped their programs would have athreefold effect. “Meet the immediate needs of the citizens the pledged to serve; inspire theAfrican American community to take up guns to defend the programs; and demonstrate that the party did so much with so little while the government did so little with so much” (Van Peebles99). The first program, which was to meet the immediate needs of the citizens pledged to serve,means that the people who are willing to serve the Panthers were given their needs first. Thesecond program was used to inspire African Americans to pick up guns to defend the programssent out a message to the African Americans to try and defend the programs so that they can last.The final program was just a demonstration of how the white government had everything theyneeded and more, but only did so little with it, while the Black Panther Party had so little, but didso much with that little that they had.
In Birmingham, Alabama, desegregation was being violently resisted by the white population. The city was dubbed ‘Bombingham’, due to the frequency of attacks on black homes and activists. Imprisoned and held in solitary confinement after defying an injunction against the protests, Martin Luther King wrote his ‘Letter from Birmingham Jail’. In response to criticism from local white clergymen, he set out his reasons for action in Birmingham and elsewhere. After his
Power to the People - Thoughts on the Black Panther Party and Black Power Movement. During the civil rights movement, local whites harassed the peaceful and non-violent marchers while the police turned a blind eye and arrested the activists as troublemakers. This trend was becoming too much and what they needed was some form of liberation, that came through the agile activities of Stokely Carmichael and the Black Panther Party. Following the influence of Malcom X towards the end of his life, the Black Panthers Party was formed to protect local communities from police brutality and racism. It was not all about violence as most people relate the group to.
The Black Panthers ‘Through its beliefs and actions did the Black Panther Party cause detriment to the Civil Rights Movement?’ From the early 1600’s African/American people were treated as an inferior race, enslaved, tortured, segregated from white Americans, treated like animals, murdered indifferently and were governed by different laws. By the mid 1950’s, black Americans were starting to seek some equality and put an end to discrimination and oppression at which time Martin Luther King became president of The Southern Christian leadership conference. Martin Luther King and his followers were determined to fight for equality of the blacks one step at a time and by peaceful means. The Black Panther Party was formed in California in 1966, by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale. Initially formed to protect local communities from police brutality and racism, The Black Panthers believed that the non-violent campaign of Martin Luther King had failed and any promised changes to their lifestyle via the 'traditional' civil rights movement, would take too long to be implemented or simply not introduced.
To pin point the beginning of the civil rights movement depends on who and what is being discussed. In my essay we are going to start with the 1950’s. In the 1950’s the Martin Luther King Jr. transformed into the leader of the civil rights movement. Martin Luther King Jr. encouraged non violent protests to get the government to understand the equal rights African Americans were being denied. After the emancipation of slavery in the 1800’s, African Americans have struggled to be treated with the same equal rights as Europeans.
Pete experienced this first hand between the two very different countries, the United States and Tanzania. In the United States, those who wish to achieve at something will go about it in a violent or outspoken way. Racial equality was a huge struggle in America. This pushed Pete O’Neal and other African Americans to become part of the Black Panther group. They spread their message with violence.