Black Nationalism in the 1960's

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The Rise of Black Nationalism in the 1960’s The Black Nationalism Movement of the 1960’s is often identified with the avocation of black separatism that was inspired by Malcolm X after he converted to the Islamic faith. As the Black Nationalism Movement surged in popularity, pre-existing groups such as SNCC and CORE, as well as new groups such as the Black Panther Party began to advocate black power and restricted membership to blacks only. The Black Panther Party was formed in October of 1966 by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale. The party was devoted to black power, ‘non-violence’ and militant self-defense. Though the party was committed to ‘non-violence, aggression quickly became associated with black power and with the Black Panther Party through mistreatment of women, robberies, and shootings, especially after Huey Newton was arrested in 1967 for shooting and killing a police officer. As time went on, criminalization of the Black Panthers began to cripple the Black Power Movement. By 1970, police and the FBI counterintelligence program had begun their endeavor to disrupt, disgrace, or neutralize the activities of Black Nationalist organization and its supporters. White working-class society, as well as Republicans feared the ominous behavior that the Black Panthers were promoting, which warranted the response of the FBI and President Nixon to plan for the destruction of the Black Panthers and the Black Power Movement. The Party eventually fell apart due to rising legal costs and internal disputes. The end to the Black Panthers symbolized the death of the Black Power Movement; but by this time, many civil rights laws had been passed, and blacks were well on their way to equality. Malcolm X brought ideas of black power to the public after his conversion to the Islamic faith in the early 1960’s. Growing up, Malcolm was taught that “black is
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