By also using effective analogies and specific sentence placements, she commands the argument between her and the opposing research. Ferguson’s article uses the three classic rhetorical appeals to her advantage. Logos is efficiently utilized when she describes how schools now approximately have one million computers of which 93 percent are on-line (Ferguson, 2005, p.195). This shocking statistic sways the audience to believe that the sheer ubiquity of computers distract children from studies. Ferguson follows up with pathos by characterizing fifteen-year-old student Colin Johnson with: “the tenth grader is failing science” (196).
His injuries caused a state of temporary blindness from which he has after partially recovered. And then, in 1959, he decided to darken his skin as I have explained before3 He is also famous for his firs best-selling novel: ‘The Devil Rides Outside.’ He died in 1980. 2. Characters * John Howard Griffin : The narrator, author, and protagonist of Black Like Me, and in some ways its only significant character, Griffin is a middle-aged white Southerner with a passionate commitment to the cause of racial justice in the year 1959. In order to understand what life is like for black Americans, Griffin undergoes medical therapy to darken his skin color, then poses as a black man for nearly two months.
Also be effected intellectually involves the teaching or schooling this certain person receives. If their teachers are racist and treat students off a different race not the same as others, a student academics could in fact be interrupted. An example of this mistreatment would be that of; “On Monday, September 23, 1957, Melba and the other black students go to school. They are again greeted by a mob of angry white people.” This is also an example of how the book uses literature to provide a sense of cultural awareness. At the point in time people were very harsh and unfair to those of a different race just because they were not the same color as the majority.
A school that requires its attendants to pass a test is charged with discrimination when it does not meet the quota for its admittance. The answer to this problem, from a supporter of affirmative action, is the inflation of the minorities’ grades on these tests. Institutions are then forced to keep a certain balance in the diversity of their student body, which can lead to the inflation of the minorities’ grades on all subjects. This grade inflation would then lead to a poorer education and the reality of a failing education system. This same kind of comparison is evident in the work force.
Standardized tests punish all students classified under minorities, special education, and those who do not comprehend the English language. For students in underfunded schools, it is difficult to compete with the middle class, the wealthy, and the educated in a well-funded schooling environment. According to Education Week, “No Child Left Behind” also includes the increasing numbers of high-school dropouts as schools focus on the middle range of students to neglect the lowest performers. Students who do not meet proficiency requirements on given standardize tests may have their diploma revoked and in worse case repetition of the grade may be required. It reflects badly on the school when this occurs, and often provokes investigation into the administration’s wrong doings.
Students who drop out often have many factors that influence their decision. Research shows that key factors for students who are at highest risk of dropping out are: poor grades in core classes, low or poor attendance, failure to be promoted to the next grade, disengagement in the classroom, and behavioral problems (Kennelly, 2007). Student boredom, lack of challenging material, and disengagement due to lack of academic rigor have also been identified as indicators of academic failure. In recent years; the legislation of No Child Left Behind Act has contributed to a situation in which educators are caught between a rock and a hard place. Knowing that students are a greater risk of dropping out when they perform poorly in school, yet increased rigor in the classroom as a strategy to decrease the dropout rate, as identified in the No Child Left Behind Act has created a “Catch-22” situation for educators (Bridgeland J. D., 2009).
The school also examined a host of subjective factors in making its admissions decisions, including the race and ethnicity of the candidates. "Underrepresented" racial and ethnic minority applicants (i.e., African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans) were looked upon favorably because they helped achieve the school's mission of student diversity. Evidence suggested that without the school's affirmative action policy, an underrepresented minority’s average chance of admission would decrease from 35 percent to 10 percent. Barbara Grutter, a white Michigan resident whose application was rejected, sued the school in a lower federal court alleging that its admissions policy was unconstitutional. Grutter alleged that the school made race a "predominate" factor in admissions decisions and that the school intentionally discriminated against whites, and that this violated the Fourteenth Amendment, which forbids states from denying "to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection
5.06 * Nile Verleur 4/11/15 Article 1 Report: Our High Schools May Not Adequately Prepare Dropouts For Unemployment 1. What is the essential cultural observation or situation being satirized? What clues lead you to this conclusion? * This article satirizes the lack of support geared towards creating successful students and the misuse of support programs and resources applied towards the failing and less successful students. For example, the author uses sarcasm to point out the lack of support for students when he quotes, “Our public high schools place too much focus on preparing kids for professional careers.” The author later criticizes the unorganized approach teachers take towards the discipline and teaching of students when he quotes, ‘"Educators do a lot to ensure that the most hopeless students slip through the cracks...
Danielle McCall Black Urban Family Jermaine Monk October 13, 2010 The Prison of Manhood When one looks at the characterization of the African American male today, what usually comes to mind are images of drunks, gangsters, and absentee fathers. While the easy solution would be to place blame upon the men themselves, an intellectual being would question that which has pushed some Black males to look to alcohol, crime, sex and violence as a means of asserting their manhood. In order to truly see the opposition and degradation with which the Black man has been faced since the inception of this country, one must truly delve beyond the surface and ensconce himself in the plush of truth and objectivity. The Black man has been systematically
Running Head: Underrepresentation of Minority Students Underrepresentation of Minority Students in Gifted Education Bonita Green North Carolina Central University Abstract The underrepresentation of minorities in gifted education is a persistent problem in the American educational system. Concerns over recruiting and retaining minority students in gifted education programs have persisted for several decades, and, although many educators, policymakers, and researchers have deliberated about the underrepresentation of minority students in gifted education. This paper seeks to fill this void, describing factors that inhibit the recruitment and retention of minority students in gifted education programs. These factors include screening and identification issues (example: definitions and instrumentation); educational issues (example: quality of students' education); and personnel issues (example: lack of teacher training in gifted and urban education, low teacher referral). Also discussed are retention issues, namely, factors that may affect the decision of minority students to remain in gifted education programs.