In the 1500s, the Spanish arrived in the New World with the intent to convert natives to Catholicism, trade, and discover riches. Juan de Onate, one of these explorers, killed thousands of natives in order to gain fame and wealth. The Spanish and Indians also developed the Columbian Exchange; a trade of goods, livestock, and crops, which was beneficial to both sides as it brought new items to both groups. Most of the products that the Spanish gave to the natives brought diseases that the Indians had no immunity to. Cortez even intentionally gave out
There forced use was as translators for Columbus and his personal informants of the land, and where gold may be found. Second was the result that came from his arrival to the Americas, mass exchange of diseases foreign to the Old and New world. Next the Spaniards took advantage of the Naïve natives, and treated them “worse then animals in a slaughter home” as stated by Bartolomé de las Casas in his letter Hispaniola. Finally they used natives as slaves, they just called the name by something different so that the Indians would not realize, though the levels in slavery and this term were practically the same. As it is stated in “Christopher Columbus and the New World” when he first arrived in America he claimed the land immediately for Spain, then took seven Natives Prisoner in hopes they would lead him to there leader, as well as too all the gold there.
How it affected their people and some of the surrounding people and justification by the Spanish for war against the Aztecs. Secondly, what the Aztecs believed to be the return of the god Quetzalcoatl, the Spanish conquistador, Cortes and his Spanish army. Disease played a huge part in the fall. Small pox brought upon the Spanish spread quickly to the people and no cure for the disease was known therefore leading to many deaths. Lastly, the skillful tactics used by Hernan Cortes that leads to the surrender of the last Aztec emperor.
The Europeans looked down on the Native Americans and referred to them as “savages” because their society did not match their own. The many different Native American tribes had their disagreements; however they all could agree that the arrival of the Europeans lead to the destruction of their people and cultures. In this essay, I will discuss the arrival of the three major European powers (England, France, and Spain), their different ways in colonizing, and how the conquering of the Americas destroyed Native American societies. I will use evidence from the textbooks, Indians in American History edited by Frederick Hoxie and The World Turned Upside Down edited by Colin Calloway to support my argument. The Natives in America possessed all of the aspects that human beings all over the world incorporated into their societies.
The Europeans who wanted control over all of Native America decided to steal the fur from animals and use it as per their own conditions. Slavery Slavery ultimate grew out of much colonization The Europeans were known for colonization and that is what they came to do in America. The colonized parts of America and took local people and sent them away to Europe to work as slaves. Slavery grew as Europe gained more control over America. The advantages are that The Europeans gave the Native American’s manufactured goods, like cloth, iron cookware, guns and tools.
American Holocaust: Columbus and the Conquest of the New World The inhumane and sadistic behavior of Columbus’ men was influenced by both the inherent violence in European society of their time and the opportunity to subject a race of people they thought to be inferior to their control. During Columbus’ lifetime Europe was governed by fanatical religious Christians and greedy rulers who’s main concern was to acquire as much gold and wealth as possible. Slave trade was a popular business at this time. Men, women, and children were captured during raids on tribes throughout Africa and forced into slavery. The Spanish Inquisition occurred at this time as well, in which people that didn’t convert to Catholicism were tortured and killed or put into slavery.
Instead of focusing on the obvious unconstitutional and emotional treachery of slavery which is very much overdone, the economic event was very much overlooked. Though its strong economic gain for the entire nation forever impacted our dominance, the negative effects will always pour through. It was the existence of slavery, with its negative impact on politics, economics, and social relations that fatally crippled the South in its bid for independence. The slave trade eventually played a central role in determining the fate of the South, as a business that created a unified South under proslavery ideology and encouraged western migration to preserve the institution of slavery. As mentioned by William Harper, “The cultivation of the great staple crop cannot be carried on without slaves.” (Harper, Memoir in Slavery, 1837) In a time of western expansion and the cotton boom, some slave traders were able to accumulate great wealth from the slave-trading business and sought opportunities to acquire higher social status and financial stability.
They witnessed their loved ones die from disease and the Spanish religious and political edicts encompassed their lives and led to generations of suffering and renewal into the onslaught of forced, oncoming European cultural assimilation. As the European Age of Discovery advanced, the colonization of the New World called for large amounts of labor. This was supplimented by the African Slave trade which was ongoing before the Age of Discovery happened. Even though black male slaves were usually favored over female ones, the lives of African slave women were affected in many ways. The overpowering forces in Africa which brought wars and famine and of course enslavement for the people there, lives for slave women started
In the history of Native Americans the discovery of gold on their land caused great tragedies and devastation and became a significant factor of Native American history. Native Americans were invaded by European explorers who took their land and built the United States we have now. Europeans were driven to North American to seek freedom from the European rulers. They went through the many struggles of long travel, adapting to new environments and dealing with the native populations. As a result of European settlement, many populations of Native Americans were brought to near extinction.
Mexico was in ruins after the Mexican American war and for a while remained in hot water, because of the economic struggles and the violent attacks that were occurring between others who were in search of prospering. In my opinion, the Mexican War brought much decrease of power to the Mexican society. Desperate for money, Mexico seriously needed a settlement and the conclusion was selling most of their land to the United States of America for a total amount of 15 million dollars (pg. 101). After not only losing a huge amount of land to the United States of America, many Mexicans such as the gold diggers and even New Mexicans that had already been residing in American territory had to face problems with their own civil rights and citizenship (pg.103, pg.104).