Known also as Black Tuesday, October 29th left stockholders shattered with recorded losses reaching $40 billion dollars (Kelly, n.d.). Many banks and financial institutions began collapsing which led to irretrievable, uninsured deposits and savings. Fearing further loss, people began spending less which led to a decrease in production and an increase in unemployment. As companies began to fail, the government devised the Smoot-Hawley Tariff in order to protect American businesses. The Tariff placed high taxes on imports leading to a decline in international trade.
This means that the prices for stock were too high, far higher than they were really worth, then they fell drastically. People who had borrowed money to buy high-priced stocks (intending to sell the stocks at a profit and repay lenders), went bankrupt. That’s further expounding on what I said about buying on margin. Black Tuesday also marks the beginning of the great depression (Regan3). Living conditions during this time were unsanitary and horrible.
On Black Thursday, The Wall Street Crash of 1929, October 24 also known as the Great Crash was terrible, it was the worse stock market crash ever. The market crash was one of the major causes that led to the Great Depression. There was a huge crowd of people trying to withdrew there life saving but couldn't. They were left with loans and debt they couldn’t pay. Two Months after the crash , stockholders had lost more than $40 billion dollars.
Great Depression The Great Depression was a global economic crisis that started in the early 1920s. This crisis leaded a depression around many nations and many young people. On October 29, 1929 there was a crash of the New York exchanges. The credit dropped rapidly after people kept on spending money, when they didn’t have any money. The stock market crashed rapidly, and took a big hit to the U.S. economy.
Hard Times shadowed across the globe as the stock market dropped rapidly. During the term of presidency of Herbert Hoover in 1929, the United States became a jobless nation and left many people homeless, penniless. The economy’s confidence was lowered as numerous banks failed. Since Americans were unable to look for support amongst each other, the government and charity were the only industries they could depend on for providing food. Amidst of such a high suicidal rate the United States grew in need of a new leader that would take higher precautions on how the country should be ran in order to enable them to rise out of the Depression.
The 1920′s could be described as economic boom gone bust. The early 1900′s began with an advancing industrial revolution and ended with the Stock Market Crash of 1929, which is one reason it is known as an era of contrast. The trigger that caused the great depression began with the boom in sales of stocks in a bull market. Credit was developed and debt was created. Stock prices hit rock bottom and wild selling left banks with little in reserves to stabilize.
The rough Winter most likely was the cause to 70 deaths. Based on the “Background Essay”, “Then, in the awful winter of 1609-1610, another two-thirds of the settlers died.” Harsh winters were bound to happen. There was nothing anybody could do about it or prevent it. The colonists could have prepared for it, but because they did not have the current technology, they could have not possibly predicted that a rough winter was coming their way. According to “Document D”, in 1607 August through October “Summer sickness kills half the colonists” The summer of 1607 was so severe that it killed 50 people.
The housing market also plummeted leading to negative equity, which the majority of the working class could not afford resulting in the repossession of their houses combined with the drastic increase in unemployment Britain was in a mess. However Major did have some success, he abolished poll tax, which was very popular among the public, he increased spending on the NHS and introduced transport subsides to keep travel fares low.
Only six months after Hoover took office, the economy collapsed and the Great Depression began. Many factors caused and contributed to the Great Depression of 1929. One factor would be the overproductions of many goods in the 1920s led to worker layoffs Another factor was that easy credit led to people spending more than they had, and it led to a rapid inflation that eventually caused people to stop buying. The Federal Reserve Bank, created in 1913, did a poor job which also led to the great depression. It did not monitor interest rates to help regulate the economy when overproduction and inflation had started to cause unemployment in 1928-29 and the economy seemed likely headed toward collapse.
The Wall Street Crash made the bad economic situation worse in Britain by producing a decline of the staple industries. 17. The industries that suffered the most were the staple industries: cotton, coal and shipbuilding. 18. Cyclical unemployment= caused by periodic slumps b) Structural unemployment= caused by the long-term decline of certain industries.