PARTS OF THE HEART
The hippocampus helps you to remember things that happened recently, like what you had for breakfast this morning, and things that happened awhile ago, such as where you went on vacation last summer.
The hypothalamus monitors your body's internal temperature. If you become too hot, the hypothalamus tells your body to sweat to cool down. If you become too cold, the hypothalamus instructs your body to shiver to raise your body temperature.
The cerebrum is the thinking part of the brain that helps you solve math problems, learn a new language, and play computer games. It is also where your emotions come from, allowing you to cry during a sad movie or laugh at a funny cartoon. Finally, the cerebrum controls muscles in the body that allow you to run, jump, and throw a ball.
The cerebellum controls balance and posture. Without the cerebellum you wouldn't be able to stand or balance on one foot.
The pituitary gland releases hormones, which are special chemicals that trigger certain actions in the body. Some of these hormones cause the body to grow, while some fuel activities that keep your body alive, such as moving blood around the body.
The brain stem connects the brain to the spinal cord. It controls basic functions that keep you alive, such as breathing, heart rate, and digestion.
PARTS OF THE ENDOCRINE
The parathyroid glands are four small glands located in the neck behind the thyroid gland. These glands secrete a hormone that regulates the body’s use of calcium and phosphorus to maintain healthy bones. Parathyroid hormone also affects muscle contraction and the conduction of nerve impulses.
The adrenals are two small glands, each located on the top of one kidney. These two glands consist of an inner core, called the