Bismarck And German Unification Up To 1871

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Bismarck and German Unification Extended Essay How important was Prussian military strength in bringing about the unification of Germany by 1871? During the French wars (1792-1815) Napoleon dominated Germany and he replaced the Holy Roman Land for the Confederation of the Rhine, were the 400 states became 39. This caused a surge in nationalism in the German states and they united to defeat Napoleon in 1815. This was the first time there was unity between the German states which a surge in nationalism and a desire for unification and with the help of other factors Germany eventually became one country.. Certainly the strength of the Prussian military was key to the unification of Germany as it was vital in winning the three wars of unification, but it shall be argued that the military were as strong as they were due to other more important actors such as Economics and Bismarck. Economics being the most important factor, as it provided a basis for unification as it showed the German people the prosperity of being together than apart. However something has to be said for the work of Bismarck, who acted as a catalyst and manipulated the situations around him to him speed up the unification of the German states, so successfully that many traditional historians argue that Bismarck was solely responsible in bringing about unification. The mistakes of other countries and the international scene meant that Austria was expelled and Prussia could lead the states into unification and the mistakes Napoleon meant that the northern and southern states would not have been united. Finally nationalism laid the foundation for a united Germany, it created the idea of being one country, although there is no argument to suggest that nationalism would have brought about unification alone. Therefore this essay will argue that Prussia’s Economic growth was the most important factor as it
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