Birth of the Contrappasto

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The method used in sculpture changed dramatically during the late Classical era of Greece. The adaptation of using the technique of detailing and the expression of emotion and realism was quickly visible within the late Roman Empire. The technique named contrappasto is seen as a bend or "S" curve of the human figure caused by placing the weight on one foot and turning the shoulder. The asymmetrical pose of the figure shows how one part of the body (upper torso) is counterbalanced by another (lower torso), creating the S shape at the body's central axis. The creation of this technique helps widen the freedom of the sculpture to create various poses, unlike that of the distinctive erect arrangement of its previous Hellenic era. This helped the sculpture create a free-standing figure that shows passion, motion and characteristic. During this period, individual artists become recognizable for their work. Among the primary sculptors of ancient Greece were Praxiteles, Polykleitos, Myron, and Phidias. Polykleitos was renowned for his mastery of Contrappasto. Works of this period include: the "Fragments of a marble statue of the Diadoumenos" (c.430 BCE); which shows a reminder of a figure that once stood in Athens thousands of years ago. "Marble statue of a wounded Amazon" (c.450-425 BCE); which shows a refugee woman warrior from Asia Minor, most likely returning from a lost battle. "Bronze statue of Artemis and a deer" (c. 1st cen.AD); depicts a young goddess girl with a dear usually represented with her kin of hunting. "Marble statue of a bearded Hercules" (c.68-98 AD); an over –life- sized statue of a demigod Hercules with his hooded lion’s skin. "Marble statue of a youthful Hercules" (c.68-98 AD); here as a young demigod Hercules with his club and the hide of a lion’s skin on his left arm. “Marble Sarcophagus" (c.220-230 AD), although not a free standing sculpture ,

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