Birth Control Pills Essay

1074 WordsSep 1, 20135 Pages
MC Chemistry Birth Control Pills A birth control pill is a day by day pill that contains hormones to avoid pregnancy and change the way the body works. Hormones are chemical substances that control the performance of the body's organs. In this case, the hormones in any birth control pill control the uterus and the ovaries. Most pills are "combination pills" containing a mixture of the hormones progesterone and estrogen to prevent pregnancy. A woman cannot get pregnant if she doesn't ovulate because there is no egg to be fertilized. The pill also works by thickening the mucus around the cervix, which makes it hard for sperm to enter the uterus and contact any eggs that may have been released. Examples of birth control pills are Brevicon, Demulen, Desogen, Levlen, Loestrin, Norinyl, Ortho-Cept, Ortho-Cyclin, Ortho-Novum, Yasmin and Yaz. Birth control pills are different colors, and must be taken in a certain order. This is because the dosages vary from week to week, with one week actually containing placebo pills with no hormones (pills that contain no active ingredients). It is very important that birth control pills be taken at the same time every day, and in the correct order. The combination pill reduces period blood flow, reduces bleeding by thinning the endometrial lining, reduces period pain, decreases the bleeding of cysts and pelvic cavity because it creates the pregnant-like state, and suppresses the hormone estrogen that is needed to start a woman’s period. Symptoms of birth control pills are blood clots, strokes, heart disease, skin pigmentation, mood swings, bleeding and spotting, infertility, and an increase of the size of fibroids (a tumor of muscular and fibrous tissues, typically developing in the wall of the uterus). Aside of the positive effects like controlling unwanted pregnancy, controlling menstrual cramps, reducing the rate

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