Surveys show that teens rely on naps to make them more refreshed. You should only take at the maximum a 45 minute nap anything more than that disrupts your biological clock and this is what causes you to wake up angry or irritable from a nap. Other factors also play a role in getting good night’s sleep. For example, caffeine plays a huge part in not getting any sleep, 31% of adolescents surveyed said that they cannot sleep after drinking a caffeine drink before bed. Technology also has a huge role in not getting to sleep.
There have been three studies that show the use of ADHD medicines with antimanic medicines help improve behavior in the children. While studies for medicines were held, there has also been a placebo experiment to see if ADHD and bipolar disorder could somehow be helped by using controlled substances to improve behavior. With diagnosing a child with bipolar disorder it is crucial to accommodate how other people view the situation. For example: some psychiatrists would diagnose bipolar disorder without the presence of episodes such as Seth, while others wouldn’t. Eric’s diagnosis of bipolar disorder would make more sense because he had a period of heightened behavior after the treatment of his first medication trial.
In the acute phase patients will experience psychotic episodes and have no perception of reality. In the stabilization phase a patient’s psychotic episodes are managed but they can relapse at any time. In the last and final stage, maintenance phase, the patient is stable but they have to take antipsychotic medicine in order to control their symptoms. The behavioral changes that the schizophrenic experiences can be categorized as positive or negative. Positive symptoms are hallucinations, delusions, hearing voices, thought insertion and thought removal, and somatic hallucinations.
Amanda Wire 10-23-14 Bipolar Disorder Bipolar Disorder Etiology: Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that causes abnormal shifts in mood, energy, activity level, and the ability to carry out activities of daily living. Symptoms of Bipolar disorder are intense. They are very different from the normal ups and downs that everyone goes through from time to time. These symptoms can result in damaged relationships, poor job and/or school performance, and even suicide attempts. Bipolar disorder can be effectively treated and people with this mental illness can lead full and productive lives.
(Christina Frank 2006) Symptoms present in both ADHD and bipolar disorder include impulsivity, inattention, and hyperactivity, and both disorders seem to be inheritable. But there are many differences, the biggest being that bipolar disorder is primarily a mood disorder, while ADHD affects attention and behavior. For example, while irritability and aggressiveness can indicate bipolar disorder, they also can be symptoms of ADHD, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, or other types of mental disorders. "One problem is that there are not many child psychiatrists in this country, so parents take their child to a pediatrician, who just isn't equipped to do a comprehensive assessment, says J. Kim Penberthy, PhD, a professor in the department of psychiatric medicine at the University of
Experimental Research PSY/285 February 17, 2013 Experimental Research Pharmaceutical Research: Sleeping Aids There are many different kinds of sleeping aids that can help someone fall asleep today. Insomnia is when a person has a hard time falling asleep, staying asleep, or a disturbance in the quality of sleep a person gets that will make them feel they are not well rested when they do wake. Insomnia is more common today then we think, about 10% of adults suffer from severe insomnia. Lack of sleep may cause someone to have no motivation, mood swings, and not be able to function to their full potential. Insomnia has also been known to cause depression, anxiety, and stress, which in turn can cause other health problems.
If these neurotransmitters are out of balance, the chemical messages cannot get through the brain properly. This can alter the way the brain reacts in certain situations, causing anxiety. Some parts of our brain chemistry are also involved in generalized anxiety disorder. Most notably the brains of people with generalized anxiety disorder have abnormal levels of serotonin and nor-epinephrine. The most popular treatments for generalized anxiety disorder work to correct this.
If a friend is down and help is needed just do things that make the person smile, make the person feel loved, and let them know that. Major Depression Disorder can be abolished and overcome. If someone feels wanted, chances are they will not get depressed. Other coping mechanisms are taking drugs prescribed for the certain disorders. Some drugs that are used to help cope with depression are Prozac, Xanax, and Celexa.
These include biological differences, neurotransmitters and hormones. People with bipolar disorder appear to have physical changes in their brains. The significance of these changes is still uncertain but may eventually help pinpoint causes. An imbalance in naturally occurring brain chemicals (neurotransmitters) seem to play a significant role in bipolar disorder and other mood disorders. Imbalanced hormones may also be a culprit in triggering bipolar disorder.
Stage one is not repeated. The first time you pass through REM it lasts about 10 minutes, but it can go up to an hour. Some cool effects of REM sleep are that this is where dreaming occurs, but one wont remember when he or she wakes up, genitals arouse in both males and females, and motor output is inhibited so no self harm is done. The suggested amount of sleep hours varies between age group. Newborn children require 12-18 hours, infants require 14-15, toddlers need 12-14 hours, preschoolers need about 11-13 hours, elementary school aged children need about 10-11, teenagers need anywhere from 8 and half hours to 9