Katrice M. Campbell
Adam Bazini, PhD, LMHC
July 12, 2014
Table of Content
Part I: DSM-5 Diagnosis
Part II: Ethical and Multicultural Issues
Part III: Case Study
Bipolar disorders are marked by mood instability, with resulting phases of manic (euphoria, increased energy, hyperactivity, irritability, or insomnia), and depression (loss of interest, sleep difficulties, despair, and hopelessness.) (Falvo, 2009) Bipolar Disorder usually begins in adolescence or young adulthood; it has been noted as late as in the early forties and children younger than age thirteen. (Falvo, 2009) Bipolar Disorder is separated into four different categories: Bipolar I Disorder, Major Depressive Episode, Bipolar II Disorder, and Cyclothymic Disorder. (DSM-5 Task Force, 2013)
The disease of Bipolar Disorder is a very complex but not unusual disease. The cause of bipolar disorder is not completely known. Genetic, neurochemical and environmental factors probably interact at many levels to play a role in the onset and progression of bipolar disorder. The current thought on this matter is that Bipolar is a predominantly biological disorder that occurs in a specific part of the brain and is due to a malfunction of the neurotransmitters (chemical messengers in the brain). As a biological disorder, it may lie dormant and be activated spontaneously or it may be triggered by stressors in life. No one is sure of the true causes of Bipolar disorder but researchers have found that there are links and clues which researchers have found. Researchers have found the following information:
“•Bipolar disorder tends to be familial, meaning that it “runs in families.” About half the people with bipolar disorder have a family member with a mood disorder, such as depression.
•A person who has one parent with bipolar disorder has a 15 to 25 percent chance of having the condition.