Bipolar Disorder Essay

1237 WordsNov 20, 20135 Pages
Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression is characterized by vacillating between periods of elation and depression. The cause of bipolar disorder is hard to understand. Some have suggested that bipolar disorder runs in families. The way a person is living and family situations can also play a major role in having bipolar disorder.The disordercauses “serious shifts in mood, energy, memory, judgment, concentration, appetite, sleep patterns, sex drive, self-esteem, and behavior. The mood changes of bipolar are so intense that they often interfere with a person’s ability to function. It can hurt someone’s jobs, school performance, and even damage relationships” (Smith and Segal, 2011).This disorder is a psychopathology that affects over 3 million Americans or 1% of the population. Bipolar disorder can affect men and women. People can usually have this disorder 10 years before actually being diagnosed. Bipolar disorder usually occurs in a person when they are a teenager or in their early adulthood. According to Doerfler, Connor, and Toscano, Bipolar disorder is difficult to diagnose, particularly for prepubertal youngsters. There are significant challenges in diagnosing bipolar disorder in children and adolescents because of high rates of comorbidity with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, and conduct disorder (2010). Bipolar disorder severely affects the lives of people that are diagnosed with it and those around them, and this disorder can last from days to months. There are three different types of bipolar: bipolar I, bipolar II, and rapid-cycling bipolar disorder. In order to be diagnosed with bipolar I disorder, a patient has to have a manic episode that lasts for at least a week. Three or more symptoms will appear during this time. Bipolar I disorder causes recurrent episodes. After the episode

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