Schizophrenia Childhood-onset schizophrenia Last reviewed: February 7, 2010. Schizophrenia is a complex mental disorder that makes it difficult to: •Tell the difference between real and unreal experiences •Think logically •Have normal emotional responses, •Behave normally in social situations Causes, incidence, and risk factors Schizophrenia is a complex illness. Mental health experts are not sure what causes it. However, genetic factors appear to play a role. •Certain environmental events may trigger schizophrenia in people who are genetically at risk for it.
Next the doctor will prescribes drugs to stabilize there mood. Like Lithium that will helps prevent manic and depressive episodes. If a mood stabilizer drug is not helping the patient, or if you have psychotic symptoms like seeing, hearing or believing things that are not real, your doctor may add an antipsychotic medication. Mood stabilizers usually control mania and depression. However, if you have depression symptoms that don’t clear up after a few weeks, the doctor will prescribe a stronger and more effective drug Paxil.
In addition, using psychostimulant medications to treat ADHD or ADHD-like symptoms in a child or adolescent with bipolar disorder may worsen manic symptoms. While it can be hard to determine which young patients will become manic, there is a greater likelihood among children and adolescents who have a family history of bipolar disorder. If manic symptoms develop or markedly worsen during antidepressant or stimulant use, a child psychiatrist should be consulted, and treatment for bipolar disorder should be considered. Physicians should be aware of the signs and symptoms of mania so that they can educate families on how to recognize these and report them
There are more complications in diagnosing adolescents with schizophrenia. Some of the same symptoms used to diagnose schizophrenia are also common for other mental illnesses such as bipolar disorder and depression (Tossell, 2003). Therefore misdiagnosis is fairly common further pointing out that ruling out other possible disorders is extremely
The first treatment in biological therapies is chemotherapy; this is the use of drugs to treat a mental illness. Under chemotherapy there are 3 main types of drugs; Antipsychotic, antidepressants and anxiolytic. Anti psychotic drugs are generally used for more severe mental health problems such as schizophrenia. They work by balancing chemicals in the brain such as dopamine as this is linked with there hallucinations. Antidepressants on the other hand by balancing neurotransmitters such as serotonin and epinephrine witch can cause depression if not sufficiently balanced.
Traub (2009) discusses the reliability of Dissociative Identity Disorder identification and categorization. Many believe that the DID is a symptom after a traumatic event, he states that “… the disorder is a defensive response that results naturally from continuous and tremendous childhood trauma, particularly from physical and sexual abuse” (Traub, 2009, p. 348). He talks about different sections, addressing whether Dissociative Identity Disorders are reliable diagnosis.. In the category of childhood trauma, Traub (2009) talks about how many psychiatrists believe the cause of many of the DID cases are due to trauma when they were children, especially in those that deal with an accumulation of traumatic events. People that advocates for DID states that it is necessary for childhood trauma to be predecessor and cause of this particular disorder.
In the treatment for alcohol and drug dependence, the goal of cognitive behavioral therapy is to teach the person to recognize situations in which they are most likely to drink or use drugs, avoid these circumstances if possible, and cope with other problems and behaviors which may lead to their substance abuse. Depression There is a very close relationship between depression and substance abuse in adults. The two conditions are highly comorbid, which is to say that they occur together in an extremely high percentage of individuals. There are a number of different ways that this occurs. Substance abuse can cause depression and depression can cause substance abuse.
Schizophrenia is defined as a psychotic disorder in which people are disturbed by their own thoughts. Whether it be voices or illusions people that suffer from this illness tend to distort reality. Schizophrenia is usually diagnosed between the ages of 16-30, though it is still being researched today, we are not certain how schizophrenia is developed. Some scientists believe that schizophrenia is caused by a gene malfunction; other scientists say it is caused by family genetics. There are three main symptoms of schizophrenia, delusions, hallucinations, and thought disorder.
As nurses we are obligated to help treat this population. Nurses provide direct care for the mentally ill and have a major role in the treatment and support of this vulnerable population. Mental Illness Throughout history, psychiatric conditions have been associated with witchcraft, supernatural forces, sin, demons, and social disruption (Romem, Anson, Kanat-Maymon, & Moisa, 2008). Due to these past beliefs, a negative attitudes and stigmas have been associated with mental illnesses. These individuals are often ridiculed, segregated, and discriminated against.
Psychiatric Disorders, Diseases and Drugs Leta McDaniel Axia College February 23, 2012 Psychiatric Disorders, Diseases and Drugs Schizophrenia: There are several different types of Schizophrenia, the subtypes are Paranoid, Catatonic, disorganized, undifferentiated and residual. The kinds of symptoms that are utilized to make a diagnosis of schizophrenia are different between affected people. The diagnosis may change from one year to the next for the same person as the disease progresses. Different subtypes of schizophrenia are defined according to the most significant characteristics present in each person at different times. The result is that one person may be diagnosed with