Bipolar Diagnostic Disorder

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This paper discusses serious and persistent mental illness (SPMI) which is defined as a group of severe mental health disorders as per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual used by mental health professionals to diagnose clients. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, an adult with serious mental illnesses are considered persons aged 18 and/or older who currently have a diagnosable mental, behavioral or emotional disorder of sufficient duration to meet diagnostic criteria specified within the DSM- IV-TR. The SPMI category includes the following mental illnesses: Major Depression, Bipolar Disorders, Schizophrenia and Borderline Personality. Recovering is the ultimate goal for many individuals with SPMI…show more content…
If the episodes last longer than one or two weeks, individuals need to seek mental professional help. Service and Treatment It is the health professional’s responsibility to determine the treatment plan for the client with bipolar. Some of the goals of bipolar disorder treatment are: 1) Reduce symptoms of depressive episodes, 2) Reduce symptoms of manic episodes, 3) Reduce the likelihood of future episodes/relapse, 4) Reduce the severity of the disease and 5) Provide assistance and support to patients and family. According to Comer (2005), the best treatment for this illness is psychotherapy and Medications and the most effective long-term treatment for bipolar disorder is Lithium. Lithium offers protection against depression and mania which helps to eliminate and/or reduces the risk of suicide. Most bipolar patients take antidepressants with mood stabilization medications. There are other types of treatment approaches that health professionals my recommend such as non-drug treatments that may be used alone or along with medications. Some…show more content…
Health professional may also prescribe antipsychotics to a person diagnosed with schizophrenia. This helps stabilize the level of chemicals in the brain that control the mood. Borderline Personality Disorder Borderline personality disorder is defined as a mental illness that results or causes mood changes, impulsive attitude/ behaviors, and/or severe problems with self-worth. This illness typically leads to disconnected or troubled close or social relationships in an individual’s life. Research indicates that signs of this disorder start in early childhood life which leads to problems that appear after early adulthood. Treatments for this disorder are known to be difficult, and time consuming which means getting better can take years. Problems with emotions and behaviors are hard to improve. But with treatment, most people with severe symptoms do get better over time. The cause of this disorder is unknown. Issues with chemicals in the brain that help maintain and/or control moods may play a role. According to Comer (2005), people who get this illness, usually encounter childhood trauma such as neglect, abuse, or losing a close relative
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