Biotechnology In The Eu Essay

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The European Union introduced specific legislation on GMOs to protect its citizens' health and the environment while simultaneously creating a unified market for biotechnology. The whole system is very rigid and it is based on the precautionary principle. The European model, primarily, consist of: - Directive 2001/18/EC on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms, repealing Council Directive 90/220/EEC; - Regulation No.1829/2003 on GM food and feed, which regulates the placing on the market of food and feed products containing or consisting of GMOs and also provides for the labelling of such products for the final consumer; - Regulation No.1830/2003 on traceability and labelling of GMOs and traceability of food and feed products from GMOs, which creates a harmonised EU system for tracing and labelling GMOs as well as food and feed products produced from GMOs. EU rules on genetically modified crops are based in particular on the following elements: • a specific European Commission authorisation, following a safety risk assessment carried out by the European Food Safety Authority, is compulsory in order to grow GM crops; • GM food and feed (threshold 0.9%) are labelled (in order to inform consumers) and traced. Inside this complete and elaborate framework the coexistence aspects are the weak point of European GM legislation and coexistence is a sector without binding rules. The cultivation of GM crops has implications for the organisation of agricultural production. Pollen flow between adjacent fields is a natural phenomenon and there will be some pollen flow from GM crops to conventional or organic crops. Because of the labelling requirements for GM food and feed, this may have economic implications for farmers who want to produce non-labelled food or feed products. The European Commission defines the term coexistence as
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