Biosketch of Mark Twain Essay

790 WordsAug 6, 20124 Pages
Twain, Mark (1835-1910) Samuel Langhorne Clemens (Mark Twain) was born in Florida, Missouri on November 30, in 1835. He was the sixth child of John Marshall and Jane Lampton Clemons. The family soon moved to Hannibal, Missouri, where Twain was raised. After his father's death in 1847, Twain was apprenticed to a printer, writing for the Hannibal Journal. Later Twain worked as a licensed Mississippi river-boat pilot (1857-61) where he got his famous penname Twain. It came from the call 'Mark twain!' which meant that the water was at least 12 feet deep which was deep enough for most boats to pass. In 1861 Twain served briefly as a confederate irregular. The Civil War had put an end to the steamboat traffic so Twain was out of work and tried to start a career in gold mining. Twain moved to Virginia City, where he edited two years for the Territorial Enterprise. On February 3, 1863, 'Mark Twain' was born when he signed a humorous travel account with that penname. In 1864 Twain left for California, where worked in San Francisco as a reporter. After hearing a story about a frog, Twain made an entry in his notebook about a jumping frog from which he developed 'Jim Smiley and his Jumping Frog' which was published in The Saturday Press of New York on November 18, 1865. It was reprinted all over the country and became the foundation stone of THE CELEBRATED JUMPING FROG OF CALAVERAS COUNTY, AND OTHER SKETCHES (1867). This work marked the beginning of Twain's literary career. In 1866 Twain visited Hawaii as a correspondent for The Sacramento Union. He then set out on world tour, travelling to France and Italy. Twain recorded his experiences in The Innocents Abroad (1869). The work gained him wide popularity and made fun of both American and European prejudices and manners. Throughout his life, Twain frequently returned to travel writing. Many of his

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