Biological Psychology Name PSY 340: Biological Foundations of Psychology Date Biological Psychology The beginning of behavior, emotion, and thought all begin in the brain and this is the foundation of biological psychology. Biological psychology is the scientific study of the physiological bases of human behavior and mental processes. Biological psychology is also known as behavioral neuroscience and physiological psychology. Biological psychology focuses on the relationship of underlying physiological events and psychological processes. This form of psychology is involved with the mind-body dispute and researchers how they affect one another.
Biological Approach | PY1 PY1 | Model answers for biological approach | Sumi Prasobh AS Level | 1a) Outline two assumptions of the biological approach (4 marks) One assumption of the biological approach is that our personalities and behaviors are biologically determined. Lab research found that we’re a product of our brain structure. The balance of neurotransmitters, such as dopamine and adrenaline has directly been found to affect our mood, thoughts and personalities. For example Hans Selye found that both humans and animals are biologically determined to react in the same predictable way to the threat of a stressor for aiding survival. Another assumption is that certain regions of the brain determine certain behaviors.
By establishing differences between psychiatry and psychology,how counselling and psychotherapy emerged from these disciplines becomes clearer.Psychiatry relates to the process of healing the mind through medical intervention.Psychology has its roots within academic study and research of human and animal perception.Psychoanalysis is ‘interested in exploration of the unconscious mind in order to cure’. [psychoanalysis-techniques]From Freud,,the seeds of contemporary counselling and psychotherapy practice were sown.The journey to it’s current position is neither rigid or fixed within it’s application of ideas.Perhaps becoming more apparent by viewing current practice as originating from the same tree root but realizing itself as different branches inevitably intertwining and overlapping.The position of many of the originators of psychotherapeutic theories were within psychology Nelson-Jonesand their ideas permeated through to counselling and psychotherapy and discussed as follows: From my research I established the view that there are three main schools of thought.The psychodynamic;the humanistic-existential and the cognitive-behavioural schools.For the
a.|genetic factors| b.|environmental factors| c.|sociocultural factors| d.|an interaction of many factors| ANS: D REF: Introduction OBJ: 1 MSC: Factual 3. Dr. Thompson collects information in order to describe and draw inferences about an individual's psychological disorder. Dr. Thompson is engaged in ____. a.|therapy| b.|predicting dangerousness| c.|psychodiagnosis| d.|research| ANS: C REF: The Concerns of Abnormal Psychology OBJ: 1 MSC: Applied 4. Dr. Kohn is a psychoanalyst, Dr. Edwards is a humanistic therapist, Dr. Peterson is a cognitive behavioral therapist, and Dr. James is a Gestalt therapist.
The Diverse Nature of Psychology PSY 490 Name April 22, 2013 The Diverse Nature of Psychology The diverse nature of psychology is to study and understand the mental processes of human behavior. There are various aspects to consider when studying such complexity of the human body and its behavior. This paper will evaluate the influence of diversity in the field of psychology’s major concepts. Two examples of major concepts and of subtopics will be presented and how they can be applied to other disciplines. In addition, the author will expand on the personal theoretical perspective of how she feels her knowledge will contribute to her psychological society.
Psychology also can be in the field of biology. Looking at how people fall in love, how people like certain people, and how they become happy or unhappy, all of those can be identified using biology. People hormones and the amount of them are different. We act to what we feel. Besides that, psychology is a counseling manner.
1009). This indicates the complexity in managing bipolar disorder. Studies also show that psychotherapy is necessary to supplement and optimize the effects of medication (Steinkuller and Rheineck 338). Cognitive behavioral therapy helps patients manage the disorder by replacing negative behaviors with positive ones. Education is important with this form of treatment so clients can recognize how different factors affect the course of the disease and what they can do to manage these factors (Steinkuller and Rheineck 342).
Correlational studies are observations in nature, but they involve more formal measurement of environmental events and indivisuals behaviour. Experiments go beyond mere measurement. A psychologist performing an experiment makes things happen and observes the result. The scientific method consists of a set of ruls that dictates the general procedeure a scientist must follow in their research. The following five steps simmarize the rules of the scientific methos that apply to experiments, the mist rigorous form of scientific research.
As the text states, it started with a concern for, “…explaining the processes of thought by using the technique of introspection (i.e., self-reflection)” (Wickens, 2005). Since self-reflection is biased then there had to be a more investigational method, conceivably, a method where the information could be observed and recorded. Psychology has become more about the study of behavior and mental phenomena, whereas, biopsychology is about the study of the brain and how it relates to behaviors. In my paper I will identify some of the important theorists that are associated with biological psychology and describe the relationship between biological psychology and other fields of psychology and neuroscience. I will also describe the major underlying assumptions of a biopsychological approach.
This essay will discuss theories of psychology, looking at behaviourist and humanistic approaches and describe some psychological treatments involved within them. Finally, this essay will then compare therapies with a biological treatment and discuss whether psychological treatments are the most appropriate and effective for mental health. Behaviourism is defined by Watson (1913) as the whole set of events leading to a process of adjustment to the environment. “According to the behavioural model, abnormal behaviour is learned in the same way as normal behaviour.” (Rice and Haralambos, 2000 : 164). This meant that all behaviour is learned and can be adapted.