Outline one concept from the biological persective.
Explain the assumption on which the concept chosen is based.
The Biological Perspective is the physiological approach to psychology in which behavior is understood and studied through the biological processes that affect behavior. These processes include the brain, the nervous system, the endocrine system, genetics etc. The study of all of these factors has advanced and become more prominent over the past years, thus giving us a better understanding on how they affect behavior. In this essay I have chosen to write about the endocrine system and how that can affect behavior.
The endocrine system consists of glands secreting hormones into the bloodstream and affects the communication inside the body. Our character and bahavior depends greatly on our hormone balance. The endocrine system consists of mainly the pituitary and pineal glands in the brain, the thyroid and parathyroid in the throat, the thymus gland which is located near the heart, the adrenal and sexual glands. The hypothalamus also plays an important role in stimulating certain hormones from the pituitary gland. On a lesser degree neurons also secrete hormones into the bloodstream.
The pituitary gland lies close to the hypothalamus of the brain and is often referred to as the master gland. This is because it secretes various hormones that control all the other glands in the body when stimulated by the hypothalamus. It also produces hormones that regulate the growth rate of children and awaken the sexual glands at puberty.
The Pineal gland is located near to the center of the brain. It produces a hormone known as serotonin. Research has shown that serotonin to affect different parts of the body depending on how much of it is being secreted and possible combinations with enzymes and other hormones. Generally serotonin is known to regulate bodily rhythms such as the blood pressure and body temperature, the sleep wake cycle, the...