Although when looked at its obvious that all humans are quite similar however each individual is unique and different in many ways (Scarr, S 2008). Even twins have differences between them (Baker, A & Daniels, D. 1990), however alike they seem. These differences are due to many factors such as different cultural backgrounds and been brought up in environment that have provided us with different outlooks, values and perspectives alongside with different likes and dislikes. Everyone has different likes and dislikes and different ways of looking at things (Heap, M & Dryden, W. 1991). These differences are what make us all unique because of these differences people have different ways of dealing with certain situations, different coping mechanisms and various levels of openness or resistance.
The use of these three is not limited to just one, but a healthy and stable individual will use all of these strategies depending on the specific situation, and use them in a positive context. A person with neurosis, on the other hand, is not able to interchange these strategies, and therefore uses a strategy in its negative context (Smith, 2007). In
Biological and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Many researchers believe that many aspects affect an individual’s personality. This paper is will analyze the biological and humanistic approaches to personality. This paper will also use Maslow’s hierarchy of needs to discuss at the extent in which growth needs influence personality formation, describe biological factors that influence the formation of personality, examine the relationship of biological factors to Maslow’s theory of personality and explain the basic aspects of humanistic theory that are incompatible with biological explanations of personality. The concept that individuals inherit their personalities from their parents is the biological approach to personality. Unlike the Big Five, this theory founded by Hans Eysenck establishes three dimensions: extroversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism.
Also if the children are with different adults at different times then the children would not maintain stability which then in turn would disable practice of the positive reinforced behaviour. The behaviourist, Skinner, argued that reinforcement was more effective than punishment in education. For example the child minder rewarding the child provides information on desirable behaviour, increases motivation to perform rather than other behaviour and are associated with pleasant emotions. Reinforcement is a very flexible form of behaviour control selective reinforcement can shape many different types of behaviour and reinforcement schedules mean reward do have to be given to desirable
(4 marks) A: One theoretical explanation of behavioural change from the humanistic perspective is unconditional positive regard, i.e. , liking and accepting all of another person’s feelings and selfconcept; a non-judgemental and non-possessive caring for, and prising of another person. This may lead to behavioural change during e.g. therapy according to Rogers but it is also important in explaining behavioural changes in a child. An unconditional positive regard from significant others is important if the individual is to become congruent (i.e.
1, 2, Societal attitudes and beliefs can impact individuals with sensory loss in quite a negative way because people in society can be very judgmental towards people with disabilities, and put them in a group of people with below average intelligence and assume they can’t do or think the same way as other people without disabilities can. People in society can also be very prejudice and ignorant and think they are better than people with sensory loss, also thinking it gives them the right to make fun at them and making life difficult in the process. Although not all people think the same way there are many other people in society that are very open towards individuals with disabilities and sensory loss and can be very helpful and kind, this can have a positive impact on people’s lives. 1, 3, There are a range of factors that societal attitudes and beliefs impact on service provisions, discrimination is one of the biggest problem in today’s society , people with sensory loss are treated differently, and there a lot of barriers that need to be overcome, service provision is a term used to describe a wide range of activities, including the provision of assistive devices, rehabilitation services, occupational therapy and health services. Although there are a lot of places like this there is still the need to raise awareness so
Sociocultural biases would be environmental conditions and social status. People may not understand that children from good backgrounds and stimulating environments can be mentally retarded. Most people think this is limited to lower social classes. 6. Of the four levels of mental retardation, into which category do most people with mental retardation fall?
As time goes by, people adopt new ones in response to different circumstances. According to most scholars, personality is coherent. However, considering the definition of personality as a person’s way of thinking, feeling and emotions, a reader can conclude that personality changes with time as people adapt to new situations. For example, some people are often shy or timid while other people are outgoing. On the contrary, it does not mean that shy people cannot be outgoing.
It is said that individuals who have these traits may have parents with the same traits. But not all individuals who turn to crime are from broken home homes, some are from homes with supportive parents. Parenting affects a child’s temperament and is inter-related in important ways to include harsh physical discipline, parental supervision, and antisocial attitudes. Parenting plays an important role in the development of antisocial behavior. At an early age boys tend to be more aggressive than girls, due to the ability to socialize being easier for girls than for boys thereby, creating gender difference in antisocial behavior.
These opinions forced upon generation after generation causes these misconceptions of how certain groups actually interact, thus beginning a cycle of conformity through people’s opinions. Although these views can appear to be slightly true at times, it can be an in just approach to characterize people based on what society believes is normal for that race, sex, or any other type of group. Stereotypes may change with time and society, but the conformist idea behind the ways people characterize others continue in a direction towards a misreading of social, gender, or any other types of