Biography Of Mark Twain Essay

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Samuel Langhorne Clemens, later known as Mark Twain was an American author and humorist whose razor-sharp wit and imitable genius have entertained countless readers. Mark was born on November 30, 1835, in the small town of Florida, Missouri. He was the sixth child of Jane Lampton and John Marshall Clemens. When Samuel was approximately four years old, in 1939, the Clemens family moved thirty five miles east to the town of Hannibal, situated on the Mississippi river. John Clemens worked as a storekeeper, lawyer, judge and land speculator. Even though he dreamt of wealth, he never achieved it, sometimes finding it hard to feed his family. In 1897, John died unexpectedly of pneumonia and Jane became the head of household. Even though Hannibal splendid place to grow up, violence was a commonplace, and Samuel witness much death. He saw a local man murder a cattle rancher when he was 9, and when he was 10 he watched a slave die after a white overseer struck him with a piece of iron. Samuel left school at the age of 12 to earn his keep and found employment as a printer’s apprentice which he was only paid barely enough for food. After two short years, he got a job as a printer and an occasional writer and editor at the Hannibal Western Union, a little newspaper owned by his brother. It was here that Samuel found his love for writing. In 1857, he began learning the art of piloting a steamboat on the Mississippi as a river pilot’s apprentice. A licensed pilot by 1859, he soon found employment plying the shoals and channels of the great river. Samuel’s pseudonym, Mark Twain, comes from the days when he was a river pilot. It is a river term which means two fathoms or 12-feet when the depth of water for a boat is being sounded. “Mark Twain” means that it is safe to navigate. However, his service was cut short in 1861 by the outbreak of the civil war, which interrupted most

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