Biography Of Louis Xiv Essay

522 WordsMar 18, 20093 Pages
Biography of Louis XIV 01/30/2009 Louis XIV of France was born on September 5, 1638 as the first child of Louis XIII. Louis XIV ruled during one of France’s most brilliant periods and ranks as one of the most remarkable monarchs in history. After succeeding his father at age four, 1643, Louis XIV ruled for 72 years. During his reign, Louis transformed France from its savage, medieval ways to a refined, exquisite living. Although Louis took the throne in a young age, he did not take over the government until Cardinal Mazarin, the prime minister’s death in 1661. By then France was economically exhausted by the 30 years war, by the Fronde and by fiscal abuses. After Mazarin’s death, Louis XIVassumed the reins of the government and began ruling with pure despotism. His famous saying, “L’etata c’est moi” (I am the state) expressed his pride by announcing that he and the state were one and the same. Louis XIV ruled with pride, never doubting his right to be king, this belief led him to become the strongest king his time. When Louis took control of the government, he weakened the power of the nobility by forcing them to become financially dependent on the crown. While the provincial nobles lost political power, the power of government agents (intendants) rose, which resulted a prosperous, controlled state. Under his minister Jean Baptist Colbert, France’s industry and commerce expanded and flourished on mercantilist principles. Louis XIV’s persecution of the Huguenots in the 1680s culminated in the revocation of Edict of Nantes. This resulted in the exodus of Protestants, many of whom were artisans and merchants. The exodus intensified the kingdom’s economic decline and further alienated protestant powers. During his reign, Louis XIV annexed a great number of cities. Fear of Louis’s rapacity resulted in the war of the Grand Alliance and gave birth to the

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