Biochemical Particles in the Jenny Craig Diet

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There are three major categories of biomolecules that are key in providing energy for the body: carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids (fats). A deficiency in any of the mentioned biomolecules can lead to disease. One should be advised that in order to have a healthy lifestyle, one should exercise and have a balanced diet consisting of all of the major biomolecules and not devoid of any. The Jenny Craig diet has been an option for people for the past 25 or so years looking to lose weight. One should be informed first about the importance of biomolecules before attempting any diet plan. Carbohydrates are very important for cellular function. Arguably, the most well known and important carbohydrate for the body is glucose. When complex sugars (polysaccharides) are consumed in the diet, they are eventually broken down to glucose, a monosaccharide. Glucose is then brought into the cytosol of cells where glycolysis (the breakdown of glucose) is initiated. Glycolysis is the first step in providing energy in the form of a nucleotide (ATP) for the cell. It would be very hard to keep up with the energy demands of the body if glucose consumption was lacking. Proteins are equally important. Proteins are found almost everywhere in the body with a variety of important roles. Proteins can act as enzymes which are necessary for initiating important biochemical reactions. Without enzymes, the body surely would not function correctly. In fact, there are several disease which are directly linked to enzyme deficiencies. Fats are another important biomolecule. They provide twice as much energy (Cal/g) for the body than proteins and carbohydrates. Fats, or lipids, are extremely important for providing the structure of the cell membrane. The cell membrane is made of a two phospholipid layers with water on either side of it. The space between the two phospholipid layers is hydrophobic

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