Holden can’t find a true friend in anyone, and he is trying to fill the hole that his brother’s death left in his life. Holden considers everyone a phony, and can’t seem to make friends or talk to girls. He tries to find romance, but he always ends up ruining the
During World War I many Soldiers returned home with complications. One of, if not the worst was Shell Shock or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This condition is caused by events that a soldier can experience during combat situations or during high levels of stress. In Soldier’s Home, Krebs shows symptoms of PTSD by being disconnected from society, not showing interest in almost anything and avoiding being around people. It is very plausible that Hemingway might’ve experienced some form of Shell Shock which influenced his writing.
Shell shock was a term only associated with World War one due to the major impact it had throughout the war. It was specifically used in Britain to express a psychological breakdown for a soldier from stress and trauma and fear from battles and fighting. It was hard to cure them as people and doctors considered them to be cowards therefore refused to offer help. Some men only received help depending on their high class or rank in the community, while others were even put on trial and even executed for being ‘cowards’. Shell shock caused a lot of problems and casualties for the country and for the war.
While there are many different ways to view what this book is truly about. One of the big themes of this story is the horrors of war and how soldiers are changed forever from what they experience. The war doesn’t end for the soldiers when they come home; they relive it every day for the rest of their lives. John Wade is a perfect example of a man reliving his horrible war experiences. John Wade seemed to be two
Gaffney highlights John’s alienation because of the new world’s discouragement for Shakespeare. The awkward situation leaves him embarrassed, beginning his isolation from modern society. John’s entire life has been spent in solitude reading Shakespeare. Suddenly immersed in a society in which his behavior is completely taboo, John finds himself even further separated from the community than he was on the reservation. Bernard observes that John may never be able to completely assimilate into this environment, “partly on his interest, being focused on what he calls ‘the soul’ which he persists in regarding as an entity independent of the physical environment” (158).
They include having many failures, not having any close friends, and the loss of his younger brother Allie. Since his many failures at school, Holden has been in a downward spiral that will eventually lead to his mental break down. Not being able to talk to any close friends makes Holden’s depression much worse. Holden thinks that he should be dead instead of his brother Allie which does not help with his depression. If Holden’s parents had let him go to a school near his apartment he might have been able to establish a few long term relationships.
A Struggle For Identity In the memoir This Boy’s Life by Tobias Wolff, Toby is continually attempting to reinvent himself for the recognition of others. As he and his mom travel to different states to run away from certain men or for the sake of money, Toby begins to change slowly. During this journey, Toby is left with no beneficial male influence. This causes him to develop few behavioral problems. For instance, since he does not get discipline by his mother, he does not know any better.
In the novel The Catcher in the Rye by J.D Salinger, the main character Holden alienates himself due to his refusal to take responsibility of his life as he is growing up. Holden Caulfeild struggles through his teenage life, has been kicked out of several schools, is disgusted by society, and is naively fixated on childhood. Holden continually envies the innocence that children possess as he finds the adult world repulsive. Holden’s fear of growing up was so subconsciously intense that he yet again ruined another chance to turn his life around. He failed all of his classes except for English when enrolled in Pencey Prep; Thus proving that he is capable of maintaining some substantial grades… yet he single handily got himself kicked out of
He states that he cant tell lies, yet he tells his father that he wont carry on with investigation and as soon as Mrs Alexander lets him know that she has some information about his investigation, then he turns straight back too it. He explains that the reason he left her before is because ‘she went inside and he didn’t know what to do’. This shows that although he can be quite clever at times, autism still plays a major part in the chapter. He doesn’t know how to socialise with anyone so he simply walked away without saying goodbye because he doesn’t know the good meaning of manners or social equilibriums. To conclude
Freud would most likely say that the Jokers fixation in the id stage would be due to complications during his childhood causing an imbalance in the id, ego and superego. They may have been caused by problems at home with his parents or a traumatic experience that happened to him. Freud may also imply that the Joker would be stuck in the oral stage of psychosexual development. A possibility is that the Joker never really received any trust or attention as a child and that has impacted him a great deal as an adult. He no longer feels the impulse or desire to get attached to anything or trust anyone.