Cholesterol is essential for healthy cells, but if there is too much in the blood it can lead to CAD. Cholesterol is carried in the blood stream by molecules called lipoproteins. Cholesterol is made from eating fatty foods, excess alcohol and caffeine etc. Which means that the more of these you eat the more likely you are to suffer from CAD 3) Carbon monoxide, nicotine, and other substances in tobacco smoke can promote atherosclerosis and trigger symptoms of coronary artery disease. Smoking: * Causes the platelets in your blood to clump together easily by making your blood cells more "sticky" and more likely to form clots.
This is because we are eating too many foods that are high in saturated fats which are available in many different ways from fast foods and sweets. We also have one of the highest rates of diabetes with 1.6 million sufferers, data shows by 2025 4 million people will be diabetic. This illness is caused when a diet does not include enough high-fibre, starchy carbohydrate foods and if we eat too many sugary and sweet foods. Other health issues include coronary heart disease which is caused if a diet is high in saturated fats, osteoporosis which is when bones become less dense and become very fragile. This happens if there is a lack of calcium in the diet and a lack of vitamin D and constipation, bowel cancer or diverticular disease which is caused if you don’t eat enough fibre in the diet(fruit and vegetables).
corticoids and antidepressants.Previously considered as an aesthetic problem, obesity is now regarded as a real illness. Being severely overweight and obesity are responsible for a certain number of problems e.g. Premature death – according to international obesity task force (IOTF) obese women run three times more risk of being affected by a cerebral vascular illness than thin women. There is a high risk of thromboembolic diseases (angina pectoris, phlebitis and pulmonary embolism).Arterial Hypertension - is linked to obesity in 30-60% of cases, notably in western adults under the age of 40. Type 2 Diabetes – this diabetes which appears in adults, and where insulin, which reduces blood sugar levels, is no longer effective is closely linked with being overweight.
As you get older, your age increases the risk of narrowed and damaged arteries, which of course leads to CAD. If you have a family history of heart disease, it is associated with a higher risk of CAD. Especially if a close relative such a brother developed a heart disease at a young age. Of course, smoking increases your risk because nicotine constricts your blood vessels and carbon monoxide can damage the
What Causes CHD?CHD is commonly caused by atherosclerosis, a condition which occurs when materials such as fat form a plaque build-up on artery walls, causing the arteries to grow narrow, and blood and oxygen flow lessen. As this occurs, blood and oxygen flow to the heart can drastically slow or even stop. This can cause shortness of breath, stable angina (chest pain), and heart attacks, especially when strenuously active (e.g. playing sports). There are certain factors that can increase the risk of getting CHD, including: Men in their 40's have a higher risk of getting CHD than woman, however, once women reach menopause, the risk is even across both genders.
Children whose brothers or sisters were obese also had higher tendencies to be overweight. With those in the 95% confidence interval being above the p value of .05 or .01 level, it shows the factors and results are statistically significant. (Rooney, Mathiason, & Schauberger, 2010) With obesity among children and adolescents at such high rates, it was a good study to find out any contributing factors that might be able to be changed. If you could change some of the contributing factors there would hopefully be a reduction in
In most cases, doctors can’t point to the exact cause. But several things are known to raise blood pressure, including being very overweight, drinking too much alcohol, having a family history of high blood pressure, eating too much salt, and getting older. Your blood pressure may also rise if you are not very active, you don’t eat enough potassium and calcium, or you have a condition called insulin resistance. What Are The Symptoms? High blood pressure doesn’t usually cause
People who are obese are more likely to have health problems such as: high blood pressure, raised cholesterol high insulin levels, impaired glucose tolerance, type two diabetes, heart attacks, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, kidney problems and polycystic ovary syndrome. Not all children will have these health problems but doctors are finding these problems in children and the children are getting younger. As a whole childhood obesity puts children in harm’s way and the future of America. And that is why the cycle must be reversed. We owe to the country and the kids who live
Treatments can be considered as preventions as well. Medicines to treat CAD include Lipid therapy, antihypertensive, and anti platelets. Lipid therapy consists of maintaining an LDL less than 100mg per dl. High blood cholesterol, a waxy, fat-like substance, builds up in the arteries. The higher the blood cholesterol level is the greater risk.
When or if you smoke is it can cause rising in blood pressure, rise in heart rate, restrict the flow of blood from the heart to the brain, it speeds up the brain, causes arteries to narrow. The carbon monoxide reduces the amount of oxygen the blood can carry. It can also cough and sneezing. Long Term Effects: As I said before smoking tobacco affects anyone who uses it. Now you might be wondering what could happen if you smoking for a long period of time, lets say about 30 years.