They measured emotional and social competence at ages 4, 8 and 16. The study found that at the children who were restored to their real parents were less likely to have formed attachments with their original families, but adopted children were as closely attached to their adoptive parents as the control group. However both the groups of ex-institutionalised children had problems with peer relationships. These findings suggest that their early privation had a negative effect on the ability to form relationships. This supports bowlby’s theory that failure to form attachments has an irreversible effect on emotional development.
Some of the children remained at the institution while others had left and had to be either adopted or restored to their original families. Restored children were less likely to form attachments but adopted children were attached like normal children. However, both groups of ex institutionalised children had problems with peers. These findings suggest that early privation had a negative effect on the ability to form relationships even when given good emotional care. This supports Bowlby's theory of sensitive period.
Many people who are out of work rely on state benefits to survive, and if they have children these benefits often are not enough to keep the family above the poverty line, hence the children suffer by lacking basic essentials such as new school uniforms, schoolbooks, pens, pencils etc, and therefore their education suffers. If these children can’t get a decent education then they
Effects of Poverty on Children Hilario Yanez Professor Emmanuel Obi SOC100 November 20, 2014 Effects of Poverty on Children Specific Hypothesis: Poverty is the leading cause for many children from low-income families to have more learning and health problems in the United States. They also experience poverty as their families’ incomes are terribly small. This prevents their children from participating entirely in the society. Applicable Sociological Concepts: The Social-Conflict theory is being used as stated by Macionis (2010); this theory shows how inequality creates conflict to poor families by not providing equal benefits to them. Parents can’t afford good jobs to provide any benefits to their children.
Parental mental illness can have a negative effect on the parent / child relationship and child development, especially where there is little external support. Children with parents who had mental illness had a higher likelihood of child neglect and this was a considerable risk factor in their safety and welfare. There are difficulties when multiple agencies are involved with a family and problems with communication and information sharing is a challenge. Contents Introduction page 3 Study design page 4 Critical discussion page 5 Conclusion page 12
Explain what is meant by the term compensatory education Compensatory education are government educational policies such as operation head start in the USA that seek to tackle the problem of under achievement by providing extra support and funding to schools and families in deprived areas. Suggest three material factors that might cause working class educational under achievement. Poor housing can affect pupils underachievement for example overcrowding can have a direct effect making it hard for them to study as there is nowhere to do the homework or disturbed sleep from sharing bedrooms. Diet and health can affect pupils under achievement as Marilyn Howard 2001 notes that young people from poorer homes have lower intakes of energy, vitamins and minerals. Poor nutrition affects health which will lower children’s energy levels.
This stresses the importance of attachment, and therefore the negative impact long term deprivation has on children. Richards (1987) theorised that the experience of divorce seems to affect children more than a parent’s death. This may be due to several factors such as little or no contact if one parent leaves the home; stress of family reordering; or the child may blame themselves for the divorce. However, this was a case study which cannot be generalised as the children’s situations are unique, and therefore different to others. Moreover, death could seem to have a less affect on children depending on their upbringing and nature of the situation.
Abusive parents who use hitting, neglecting basic needs, and other action that lower an individual’s sense of self-worth, have a negative impact on the health of a child. Nurture also affects the growth of humans, because studies show that babies who receive affection from their parents will develop from children to adults who are happy and competent. It is proven that children who lack early emotional attachments or grow up fearful and expecting to be hurt will have a difficult time relating to peers. Nurturing their children the most important thing that parents can do. A parent’s
Abstract Research and Census indicates that single parents experience more stress due to economic, social and financial burdens, compared to traditional parents which included both parents. Many reviews indicate that stress has a major impact on the development of the single parent’s children. However, there are mixed views on the impact of single parent families and child development, coupled with the ability to effectively be a positive or negative role model. The purpose of writing this paper is to see whether single parent families provide adequate support and education, in spite of the stress linked to their households. Whether or not a parent is a positive or negative role model in a child’s life, often depends on the nurturing and nurturing of the individual.
Fear of confrontation with resourceful parents overwhelms their desire of alerting child neglect. As a result children may continue to live in negligent despite public knowledge. Children with disabilities have in general a larger risk of being abused (predators seek out the weakest). Knowing this, both families and teachers have a very low threshold for alerting Child welfare. The situation may improve if the issue of children’s welfare were put on the agenda, in media as well as in school.