Joseph Lawson Connecting Heaven and Earth Though the human race has a vast variety of unique cultures and shares many differences, there are also a surprising amount of similarities. This paper aims to look at the similarities and differences of two structures from completely different cultures. The first is the Pantheon, a Roman temple that was built to be “the temple of all Gods”. It was made during the High Empire in Rome, Italy (118-125 CE). The second temple is the Great Stupa, a dome-shaped Buddhist monument from the Maurya Dynasty in Sanchi, India.
In Hinduism their version of life after death fits in with their idea of Atman. The next question is whether the idea of a soul or spirit is necessary in order for resurrection and reincarnation to work. When looking at the classic definition of Hindu reincarnation, a soul, is necessary in order to ‘pass between bodies’. This soul, known as atman, is often described very little in Hindu scriptures but is has similar properties to the Christian view of the soul. Understanding this, it would seem to be a dualistic relationship between the body and the atman and there are two separate substances.
They believed that human blood provided nourishment, and that gods were sacrificed to create the sun. Incan religion, however, was very different. Their religion was much less cruel and brutal. They allowed people to practice their own beliefs in their regions. It was believed that the royal family were descendants from the sun god.
Tasha Wright May 29, 2012 Hum/130 Hinduism Paper Hinduism lacks a uniting belief system, however it’s spiritual texts and different of practice it balances out. Hindu was made up on a belief of one God, by a lesser powerful duties that very important aspects of life and it was made up in living to see the liberation of Samsara. I would say those societal influences on Hinduism vital that made it a region and the location where it had originated. However there are some beliefs that Hindus share and they are “one, all=pervasive supreme begin who is both immanent and transcendent, both creator and unmanifest reality. They also believe in divinity of the four Vedas, and that the universe undergoes endless cycles of creation,
1 Development of Religion in the texts of Gilgamesh, Leviticus, and Pliny In the “Epic of Gilgamesh” we see that the gods have an almost human nature, but decidedly work as more of a spiritual guidance through Gilgamesh, Enkidu and other fellow citizens of ancient Sumer. As we travel on to Israel in the book of Leviticus, YHWH has handed down a code of ethics for all of Israel and strict adherence to the rules is expected. Determining what is clean and unclean, who has priority in civic circles, and what is expected by YHWH couldn’t be any more clear. In “Gilgamesh” we see that there is a polytheistic society (meaning that there is many gods) and each plays a part in the people’s nature and civilization. While back in Israel, it is
'Ancient Italic People' 2012, in Britannica Online School Edition, accessed 01 November 2012, <http://school.eb.com.au/eb/article-26569>. The Etruscans > Religion and mythology The essential ingredient in Etruscan religion was a belief that human life was but one small meaningful element in a universe controlled by gods who manifested their nature and their will in every facet of the natural world as well as in objects created by humans. This belief permeates the Etruscan representational arts, where one finds rich depictions of land, sea, and air, with man integrated into the ambient. Roman writers give repeated evidence that the Etruscans regarded every bird and every berry as a potential source of knowledge of the gods and that
Josh Hasenberg Professor Staley Core 151 Ovid’s characterization of Jove in Metamorphoses can be compared to Virgil’s depiction of Jove in Aeneid by viewing them as illustrations of divine authority. In analyzing how each author uses Jove to depict divine authority, it becomes clear the two share similar ideas of how the divine use their authority. Both Ovid and Virgil use the main theme of human piety or impiety when exploring the ways in which the Gods choose to use their authority over mankind. The other main theme the two authors use in depicting divine authority is fate, which they closely associate with the will of Jove himself. Even though Ovid presents a story in which Jove uses his divine authority to punish, while Virgil, in contrast, displays a story in which Jove uses his divine authority to help and reassure, they both incorporate these two themes in very much the same way.
Thus one critical aspect of the Hindu temple would be the central shine to the deity worshipped in a given location, or by a given sect of Hindu’. For instance the central shrine of the Vishvanatha Temple in Khajuraho India is dedicated to the Hindu God Shiva. (P 19-61) These shrines are often restricted to Hindu Priests who tend the shrine and make sacrifices to the Hindu Deities. (Kleiner, 2008, p172). These deities are also represented by wall carvings and hangings, and sculptures of the various deities.
Early Roman religion developed a belief in a triad of gods who shared the same temple. One example of this sharing of a temple was the gods of Jupiter, Juno and Minerva who later became known as the Capitoline Triad (Adkins & Adkins, 2004). Roman religion differed than Greek religion in that the practice of religious rituals was dictated by the government to be performed in a certain manner. The government established a hierarchy of priests and officials led by the king to make requests to perform rites and sacrifices to the gods in order to benefit the community as a whole. As the Roman community grew religion became closely related to politics and society.