The economy was reliant on agriculture and during the 1780s there were disastrous harvests causing prices to rapidly increase in urban areas. It is evident that the effects were so extreme that by 1789 a labourer was spending 88% of his daily wage on bread. As a result of this, protests sparked up in the city amongst workers and the tensions and unrest amongst the Parisians was further exacerbated when the government made no attempts to introduce new reforms to deal with the economic crisis when the Estates-General met in May 1789. Another factor which worsened the situation was the presence of Louis’s troops stationed around Paris. The King’s strategy of military force was believed to be necessary due to the third estate rebelling and breaking away from the Estates-General in June 1789.
John majors government came into office after the downfall of Margret Thatcher, which ultimately created divisions within the party. Not only did the party suffer from the internal conflict but also faced the problems of the recession after the ‘Lawson boom’. In order to stabilise the economy he joined the ERM getting a good deal but ultimately resulting in ‘black Wednesday’ causing Major to raise interest rates to 15%. This was political suicide and he soon lost the support of the press we had once relied so much on to get re-elected in 1992. The housing market also plummeted leading to negative equity, which the majority of the working class could not afford resulting in the repossession of their houses combined with the drastic increase in unemployment Britain was in a mess.
There are many tools that were used to form each Empire in history but looking at the following, each will give a sense of how the French and British Empires stood, and how they maintained their empires at their height. The French used their language as a means of communication with the colonized people for trading purposes. As the president of Senegal at the time; Senghor expresses how he feels about the French language in Africa. “French is a highly poetic language. Not through its clarity, but through its richness.
Known also as Black Tuesday, October 29th left stockholders shattered with recorded losses reaching $40 billion dollars (Kelly, n.d.). Many banks and financial institutions began collapsing which led to irretrievable, uninsured deposits and savings. Fearing further loss, people began spending less which led to a decrease in production and an increase in unemployment. As companies began to fail, the government devised the Smoot-Hawley Tariff in order to protect American businesses. The Tariff placed high taxes on imports leading to a decline in international trade.
Cooper aims to explain how beyond slavery, freedom meant something different than it does today. He focuses on emancipation and imperialism in British East Africa and French West Africa. In post emancipation Africa, life for colored people was hardly “free.” Instead, former slaves were often pressured into various forms of coerced and forced labor. However, many former slaves tried to resist being forced into the free labor market. Finally in 1946, the abolition of forced labor took place in French West Africa, including the declaration that all white and colored workers must be treated as French Citizens.
The Common Dissent After a thirty-year presidency, Porfiro Diaz’s centralized agrarian policies favoring the elite haciendas had caused formidable rebellions in the North and South of Mexico. Diaz established many new technologies and industries only to appeal to the greater European investors. These industries, such as mines and sugar plants, robbed the people of their land, dehumanized working conditions and cut minimum wages resulting in major dissent among the suffering middle class. By October of 1910, during Madero’s release from prison, militant rebellions led by local leaders erupted in the North and South states killing several units of Federal troops. Separated geographically, Poncho Villa in the North and Emiliano Zapata in the South contrasted in both their origin and military strategy, while
First part I disagree with is where one of the researchers mentioned that “we might not have been taught to be prejudice”, which in my opinion, I think stereotyping and prejudice is a learned behavior. We are not born with racial prejudices, however depending on the environment you were exposed to and the people you were raised around, you tend to think a certain way. For example, if you are born in a family who are racist towards a certain culture, you are most likely to grow up with the same ideas. Another part I disagree with from the article is how the researchers tend to suggest that the men who killed Michael Brown, Darren Wilson, Trayvon Martin, and many more innocent people, were not conscious and may have not been racist at all during the incident. I think this was just a lack of training and stereotyping against these innocent men who were put into a category they did not belong in.
Nigerians were exploited for their resources and people. Even African treasures and artwork were stolen by Britain. Colonization hit the Nigerian's in many negative aspects rather than positives. World War II, the war created great economic strains, manifested particularly in the decline in real wages and the drop in living standards. During The Great Depression and World War II, Britain did not put money into Nigeria and as a result the economy fell.
Chapter 29 * World War I destroyed the motivation and the will of many Europeans at the start of the century. * In many European countries like Germany, Britain, Germany, and France, the amount of people killed had a negative effect on its demography. * All of the deaths reduced the amount of young men available for family life and work. * A French leader along with an American authorized a treaty outlawing war known as the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928. * Mass consumption standards increased which resulted in new technological advances such as radios.
All of these steps toward a better future lead to the French Revolution. But why was there a French Revolution in the first place? Well, it began when King Louis XVI became the ruler of France in 1774. He was definitely not considered a good king. He heavily taxed the third estate, which comprised of merchants and peasants all together totaling to 98% of the population, in hopes to relieve the financial problems of France.