The Berlin Blockade And Airlift

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The Berlin Blockade and Airlift (1948-1949) The Berlin Blockade and Airlift is one of the small but important events of the Cold War. This essay covers the factors that combined to make it happen, the main things that happened in this event, the outcome of it and things that resulted from it. In 1945, after Hitler was defeated, Germany and its capital city Berlin were divided in to four zones, occupied by the Americans, British, French and Soviets. The democratic nations, (America, Britain and France) were working hard to rebuild and recover their zones from the ruins war had left. They also wanted to create a democratic government in their zones, which had over two-thirds of the German population and most of its heavy industry in it. The Soviets weren’t trying as hard. They had turned their zone into a communist state like themselves, and like the other counties they had come to occupy after the war, and weren’t making as much of an effort on rebuilding the economy. These and other differences between democracy and communism, or the Western Allies and the Soviets caused many problems. On June 21, 1948 the Western powers decided to unite their zones, with the goal of forming a West German state in the next year. It was then when they also announced their decision to issue a new currency, the Deutschmark. They also said that their new currency would be used in Berlin which angered the Soviets. The Soviets reacted by introducing a currency of their own on June 23, and the next day they imposed a blockade on Berlin. Examples of the new currencies, left; is the Deutschmark issued by the Western allies, right; the currency the Soviets issued. There are many reasons why the Soviets did this beside anger. One is that they were angry that communist countries, like themselves couldn’t benefit from the Marshall Plan. (The Marshall Plan sent
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