ASA PHILIP RANDOLPH Sharon Young Siena Height University LAS 301 Although, often looked over Asa Philip Randolph achieved extraordinary feats for the plight of the African American during his lifetime. Early involvement in the Socialist Party set the pace for his radical monthly magazine, the Messenger. With some experience with labor unions in New York, his first immense effort was the organization of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. In 1941 he and two other colleagues suggested the March on Washington, to protest racial discrimination and the desegregation of the U.S. Armed Forces; typical of this time era the march was cancelled by President Roosevelt. In a time when African Americans had few piercing voices in the “sea of racial injustice, Asa Philip Randolph made huge waves socially and politically Introduction Asa Philip Randolph was born in Crescent City, Florida on April 15, 1889 to Elizabeth Robinson Randolph and James William Randolph.
The sit-ins ended segregation in the restaurants and lunch counters for the black people of the community. Franklin McCain was interviewed by Howell Raines for his book My Soul Is Rested: Movement Days in the Deep South Remembered (1977). He also was interviewed by Gary Younge for his book No Place Like Home (2000). He had no problem telling his story to these two authors he told them they should have been done this long before they interviewed him. The was one other person who needs to be recognized which is Stokley Carmichael who was interviewed by Gordon Parks when he made the statement about the publicity hounds and then realizing the purpose of all of the sit-ins for
He gained four other siblings and his dad became a college professor. Finally, after 7 long years of begging, pleading, and fighting with his father, Hiram got to go on a summer vacation back to Mississippi. While there he got involved in a murder/kidnapping case of a Negro boy by the name of Emmett Till. In the book, Hiram Hillburn, grew as a person. He started to see things that he didn’t see before.
Fisrt of all, Martin Luther King who was raised in a middle-class family, had born in January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia and gone to college and got his PhD; he was so smart because he skipped the first and last year at Booker T washignton Hight school and went directly to the college. After that, he became an activist in the civil right movement and a releigon pastor. He married a women in 1953 who was also an activist in the civil rights fight; this women is Coretta Scott King. Coretta King raised their two sons and two daughters. There are many qualities that conterbuited to Martin Luther King sucsess.
The law also encouraged the desegregation of public schools and authorized the withdrawal of federal funds from programs practicing discrimination. Other major features included the prohibition of job discrimination and the creation of the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission. The Civil Rights Act was an attempt to improve the quality of life for African Americans and other minority groups. Until the law’s passage in 1964, African Americans had lived as second class citizens. Their money was the same as the white citizen, yet in some restaurants they were made to order and pay for food at the kitchen door.
Watching the documentary I learned a lot of new information and relearned the information I forgotten. Some information I learned or relearned from the documentary included: Emmett Till was from Chicago and is visiting down in Mississippi where there is segregation, the jury serving in the case was all white and from the same area the murderers were from, the jury found the defendants not guilty because the state couldn’t confirm the identity of the body as being Emmett Till, the Rosa Parks incident happened about 100 days after the murder, and Emmett’s murder help fuel the African-American Civil Rights Movement. I learned
(USA, 1899-1975) Percy Julian developed the anti-glaucoma drug physostigmine. Dr. Julian was born in Montgomery, Alabama, but educational opportunities for African Americans were limited in the South at that time, so he received his undergraduate degree from DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana. Julian worked his way through DePauw by digging ditches and waiting tables at a fraternity and in 1920, he graduated at the top of his class with a Phi Beta Kappa key. Eager to earn an advanced degree, his professors discouraged him, saying he would have great difficulty in pursuing his profession. After graduation, Julian joined the faculty of Nashville's historically black Fisk University.
He led Wiley’s speech and debate team through a ten year period between 1929 and 1939 in which it never lost a single competition. In 1935 his team took home the ultimate prize, a National Championship over the University of Southern California (USC). Tolson took a yearlong leave of absence from his career in 1930-31 to further his education and pursue a master’s degree at Columbia University in New York City. Tolson returned to Wiley in 1931, but did not complete his Master’s degree from Columbia until 1940. Following the interviews he conducted with major artists of the Harlem Renaissance for his Master’s, Tolson was inspired to write poetry exploring the African American urban experience.
Peoples Temple was founded in 1956 in Indiana as a racially integrated church that helped those in need. As Jones became more and more vocal, Indiana began putting pressure on him. He looked to California to move his church. Some 65 families followed him there. His focus in his sermons was of loyalty and sacrifice.
Born in Mississippi on June 25, 1933(Wikipedia) He was raised on a farm and shortly after he finished high school he joined the military. Education was very important to James and after he served 9 years in the military he started to attend an all-black college. However that was not enough for James, in 1962 he became the first African-American student at the University of Mississippi and continued to earn his degree in law. He dedicated his life to enforce civil rights for African-Americans. Throughout the next decade people just like James rose and fought for what they believed in, Equality.