Evolutionary psychologists that me have enmvolved to be responsive to females who are young and attractive since these are ohysical cues to a womens reproductive value wheres women seek indicators of socio-economic stautus. This idea is supported by Buss (1989) he conducted a cross-cultural study (37 different cultures) and more than 10,000 adults investigating mating prefances . The study was in the form of a questionnaire/survey. Buss found consistent gender differnances across cultures. It found males were interested in youth and baety while females looked for wealt,staus and maturity.
Outline and evaluate the Biological approach to gender development The biological approach to gender development tells us that sex determines if an individual is genetically a male or female but that gender determines your own feelings about who you are as a person, either masculine or feminine, and this is due to the differences in their brains. This usually is due to the chromosomes a person has or hormonal differences. Every individual has 23 pairs of chromosomes. Women have 2 X chromosomes while men have an X and a Y chromosome. As an embryo, a male’s Y chromosome starts to produce testosterone and other male sex hormones.
As males are less investing, they compete within themselves through intra-sexual selection to achieve the dominant position of the alpha male and so have exclusive access to females. Evidence which supports this refers to ‘sexual dimorphism’ which is the difference in size between males and females. Males tend to be physically larger and stronger than a female which is consistent with the claim that they must compete for access to females. Therefore dimorphism is evidence for intra-sexual selection and polygymy as it suggest males fight for females. Inter-sexual selection refers to the selection of characteristics between the genders which females take upon.
Is our postmodern, postindustrial society simply better suited to women than to men? Hanna Rosin makes the case for this claim, and her article demands close attention. Men, she argues, are simply falling behind women in almost every sector of cultural influence and economic power. Rosin begins her article with the fact that sex-selection technologies in the West are now more often used to select a preference for girls than for boys, reversing the historical trend. Why?
Sex and Young Girls In Kilbourne’s “Two Ways A Woman Can Get Hurt” she speaks extensively about how advertising could have many underlying and shocking meanings when analyzed closer. Some factors that Kilbourne speaks of in her essay allow us to look deeper into the hidden concepts of advertising and show a world of suggestive sex and abuse. Many of the ads allowed us take a closer look at how woman are portrayed as objects to sell a product. I believe that many of underlying factors influence our young girls. Many of the ads today give an image that in order to be happy and satisfied in life you have to be sexual or look sexy to get ahead.
In my opinion, Americans tend to think that their appearance is everything and go to great measures to get their desired looks. I also believe that people in society are always trying too hard to make them self look like their ideal celebrity. I feel that men and women have different standards when it comes to appearance and how they view it. I also agree with Nancy Hellmich in her article, “Do Thin Models Warp Girls Body Image?” as she says that girls are becoming skinnier and skinnier as the years go by. I think as society tends to focus on their appearance more, it also becomes more dangerous.
The inclusion of transgender or intersex individuals is one of the latest equality challenges for professional sporting events worldwide. How do these governing bodies categorize individuals that fall under this group? Gender verification became an issue when concerns were brought up when some individuals feared that some men were competing in events exclusively intended for women. The idea was that men are physically superior to women and this would be advantageous for the male athlete. The various international sporting entities had to address this issue and devised various sex verification tests that have evolved over time.
The source tells me that men and women have brains that are “by nature equal” to each other, yet society will not allow them to develop equally. She claims that, “Intellectual powers should be ranged under these four heads- imagination, reason, memory and judgment” (Foner 155). Murray explains that even though women are not given the ability to show their intellectual talents, they are demonstrated through fashions and inventive scandal, since they cannot be shown anywhere else. From birth, men are led through “the flowery paths of science,” while women are forced to sew, cook, and clean. Women are ultimately unhappy because of this because they want to develop a “cultivated mind.” Women will never be able to match levels with their significant other because they were denied this strengthening of the mind.
In my second article titled, “Employment Patterns of Female Coaches in Men's Athletics: Tokenism and Marginalization as Reflections of Occupational Sex-Segregation,” Mary Jo Kane and Jane Marie Stangl examine how women have found it increasingly difficult to obtain jobs in coaching. Not only has it become a task for women to coach in women sports, but it has also become extremely difficult for women to coach in male dominated sports. Similar to the Rooney Rule, Title IX was implemented in order to give women more opportunity in the world of sport; however, the numbers of women in coaching has not risen much since. The authors provide typical logic which parallels Kanters view on tokens. Occupational sex segregation is an explanation one could use to clarify the low numbers of women in coaching positions.
People are willing put down one another with derogatory connotations especially during times of anger when one is more willing to act on impulse rather than to contain one’s self. Society has created many different stereotypes over the years; some may be more popular than others while some can be found only in certain regional areas. Stereotypes run deep worldwide and are inevitable due to human nature; these simplified conceptions cause people to act in certain ways towards one another. Within the I Want a Wife essay written by Judy Syfers, she describes what a man wants in his perfect wife and how she should act and conduct herself in his home. This is an example of gender stereotypes where the women/wife is expected to do everything in the home a mother would do and still raise the children without any help from the husband.