Belgium Colonization vs. British Colonization

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Up until recently colonialism has played a crucial role in our society’s global economy. In order to become the super power that many modern day countries are, the exploitation and abuse of weaker countries took place all over the world for hundreds of years. England has always been a powerful member of what some call the Imperialists Club, a group of countries that have colonial holdings all over the world. Belgium, however, is not often thought of as an imperial power to the same degree as Great Britain. The truth is that both of these countries used their respective colonies to their full advantage and as a result many innocent people died. In the eighteenth century, England had an enormous trade discrepancy with Qing Dynasty China. In 1773, the British East India Company established a British monopoly of opium trading in the city of Bengal. As opium trade was illegal in China, British East India Company ships could not carry opium to China. So the opium produced in Bengal was sold in Calcutta on condition that it had to be sent to China. Despite the Chinese ban on opium imports, reaffirmed in 1799, it was smuggled into China from Bengal by drug traffickers and agency houses averaging about 900 tons a year. The proceeds from smugglers at Lintin were put into the British East India Company’s factory at Canton and by the year 1825 most of the money needed to buy tea in China was funded by the trade of illegal opium. In 1838, opium smuggled into China approached almost 1,400 tons a year. The Chinese imposed a death penalty upon any and all opium smugglers and sent a new governor, Lin Zexu to curb smuggling. This finally resulted in the First Opium War, eventually leading to the British seizure Hong Kong and opening of the Chinese market to British drug traffickers. After the 1857 uprising, commonly known to the British as the "Great Mutiny" and to Indians as the

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