Behavioral Intervention Essay

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Behavioral Interventions for Children and Adolescents With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders More than 35 years ago fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) was first identified in the United States as a major birth defect resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure. FAS is characterized by distinct constellation of characteristic facial anomalies, growth retardation, and central nervous system dysfunction. Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) encompasses the conditioning of partial FAS alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder, and alcohol related birth defects. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is used to reflect the entire continuum of effects associated with the utero alcohol exposure (Paley & O’Connor, 2011). According to Kinney (2012), “It was in…show more content…
Research with animals suggests that alcohol crosses the placenta and diffuses throughout the fetal tissues the same that it does in the adult tissues. Alcohol as a toxin seems to disrupt the normal growth sequence; the developing fetus cannot later “make up” for these disruptions (Kinney, 2012, p.163). Impairments often reported in people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) may have multiple contributing factors. For instance, poor prenatal care, poor nutrition and maternal stress during pregnancy. Several studies have shown that children with FASD experience custody changes such as foster care, adoption or being institutionalized (Paley et al.,…show more content…
Many people with FASD are not referred for diagnosis until relatively late (if ever) and miss out on the benefits of early intervention. By the time these individuals are identified and receive treatment a pattern of significant behavioral and emotional problems, poor school functioning, and negative family interactions may already be well established (Paley, et al, 2011). A recently recognized problem of FASD is among people in the criminal justice system (Kinney, 2012, p.164). Behavioral interventions can include behavior consultations, educational and cognitive interventions, cognitive control therapy, language and literacy training, self regulation intervention as well as other methods (Paley, et al., 2011). There would be great value in tracking individuals with FASD after they are no longer receiving intervention to demonstrate gains in controlled settings and non-controlled settings (Paley, et al., 2011). Finally, if health care providers are aware of treatment options they may be more vigilant in identifying signs of these disorders they may better appreciate the benefits in referring families for appropriate services (Paley, et al.,

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