Behavior Modification Techniques Essay

653 WordsDec 21, 20123 Pages
Behavior Modification Techniques Selina Perea College America Behavior Modification Techniques This paper will talk about some techniques that are used in the workplace and some of the techniques that I have encountered. Positive, negative, and punishment techniques will be discussed. As each is introduced I will give an example of how I have had them occur in my work history. Behavior modification techniques became popular after B.F. Skinner in 1971 wrote," Beyond Freedom and Dignity" he formalized an approach, known as operant conditioning, of rewards and punishments to shape behavior (Scottsdale). He said that conditioning shapes all human behavior, in homes, school and the workplace. Skinner said, "the real problem is not whether machines think but whether men do," meaning that employees' behaviors are what make an organization successful, as opposed to efficient machines (Skinner, 1971). Positive reinforcement is implementing strategies to get a positive outcome. Negative reinforcements is a way to get rid of the negative things so that people are more inclined to complete the tasks they are given. Punishment is a way to show people that there are consequences for things that are done (Scottsdale). By giving employees a flexible schedule it may increase attendance (Scottsdale). Employees miss work for illness, doctors’ appointments, or family issues. By having a flexible schedule program employees are able to have a schedule that they will like therefore they will miss less days. In my previous experiences I have not seen this used very often. The employers that I have worked for have let me use sick time or vacation time but I have never been able to make my own schedule. Make sure to thank your employees (Scottsdale). This will increase their satisfaction and will make them want to do a good job because they are recognized for it. One

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