P1 – Explain potential hazards and the harm that may arise from each in a health or social care setting Introduction This assignment will be exploring the different types of hazards that can occur in Health and Social Care and will be followed by an explanation of what harm can be caused by these hazards. The assignment will also be exploring the different Health and Safety concerns for each life development stage. What are hazards, risks and emergencies? In Health, Safety and Security there are many factors that can potentially lead to hazards or emergencies and that can potentially be a risk towards someone. A hazard is anything in someone’s environment that can cause them any form of harm.
Assess the extent to which health risks can be related to geographical features. Introduction A health risk is a factor that threatens good health, (Warn et al, 2009) it has a detrimental effect on human physical, social and mental wellbeing. The medical profession (BMA) recognises four categories of health risk: chronic (cardiovascular disease), infections (HIV/AIDS) genetic (cystic fibrosis) and traumatic (road traffic accidents.) Health risk equation: Health risk = incidence of risk (physical feature e.g. diseases and climate) + vulnerability (Human feature e.g.
This initial exposure causes sensitization and it is the subsequent exposures that elicit the damaging immune responses that is recognized as the disease. There is some diversity in allergic responses depending on the immunological effector pathways elicited (6). Delayed hypersensitivity,
Stress also increases the heart rate and can lead to the increase of blood pressure, thus Hypertension and can lead to Coronary Heart Disease (CHD). Although this disease can be caused by the indirect effects. Indirect effects of stress are associated with the bad habits that stress causes us to take part in, these included smoking, poor diet and alcohol abuse. These poor habits can thus lead to ill-effects on one’s health. These issues are more related to chronic stress rather than acute stress and it occurs for a long period, thus affecting health for a longer period.
Stress is linked to: headaches; infectious illness (e.g. ‘flu); cardiovascular disease; diabetes, asthma and gastric ulcers. Stress can also have an indirect effect on the immune system as a person may use unhealthy behavioral coping strategies to reduce their stress, such as drinking and smoking. Stress is linked to: headaches; infectious illness (e.g. ‘flu); cardiovascular disease; diabetes, asthma and gastric ulcers.
Lay concepts (or folk concepts) of health and illness are conceptual models used by individuals, communities, or cultures in attempting to explain how to maintain health and to provide an explanation for illness. Lay concepts of health and illness often have theoretical underpinnings that arise from the wider theories of illness (e.g., humoral, Ayurvedic, biomedical), but also include locally developed concepts about the body in health and illness that may not directly relate to the major theories of illness. Lay concepts of health and illness include particular ideas about the way the body functions, and they also highlight particular symptoms as being of special significance. For example, in the Western world, the body is often thought of as an intricate machine which must be kept "tuned-up," and illness is viewed as a breakdown of the machine. This contrasts with the Ayurvedic concept of the body, a concept prevalent in India and South Asia, in which health is seen as a state of balance between the physical, social, and super-natural environment and illness can result from disturbances in many different spheres.
However, depending on the facility, different risk management strategies will be used. For example, a pharmacy will have different types of risks than a hospital. Yes, a pharmacy has the risk of killing someone and so does a hospital, yet there are far more risks in a hospital than in a pharmacy. This makes managing a pharmacy a bit different. This paper will explain key steps a pharmacy may take to identify and manage their risks, some typical or actual risks a pharmacy could experience and how each risk might negatively affect the facility and its stakeholders.
Risk management is the process of identifying, assessing, and prioritizing, risks of all kinds (whatisriskmangement.net, 2011). So what role does risk management play in healthcare? Any event that may cause an adverse effect on the healthcare facilities ability to perform is considered to be a risk. Risk management in healthcare may be the key for many organizations to reduce costs, improve surveys, reduce negative events, and have a lower professional liability cost. The Joint Commission (2012) defines risk management in healthcare as “the clinical and administrative acts undertaken to identify and evaluate the risk of injury to staff, patients and visitors and the risk to loss of the organization itself”.
Infection control precautions are a set of standard recommendations used to reduce the risk of transmission of infectious agents from body fluids or environmental surfaces that contain infectious agents. Infection control ensures patient and client safety, Patients have varying susceptibility to develop an infection after exposure to a pathogenic organism The higher likelihood of infection is reflected in vulnerable patients who are immune compromised because of age (elderly), underlying diseases, severity of illness, The outbreak of infection can be fatal if care is not taken; for instance an
7.1 compare different uses of risk assessments in health and social care risk assessment can be used in a number of different ways for example two ways could be a risk assessment for infection control and a risk assessment for a activity although they are both designed to reduced the risk of a injury/illness or a accident. a risk assessment for infection control will outline what can be done to reduce the risk of a infection being spread around . a risk assessment for a activity will be used to either stop or reduce the likelihood of a accident that wouldn't normally be carried out. 7.2 explain how risk taking and risk assessment relate to rights and responsibilities. if a individual decides they don’t want to use a Zimmer frame anymore