Behavior And Cognitive Approach To Formaing Habits Essay

1380 WordsFeb 7, 20126 Pages
Behavioral and Cognitive Approach to Forming Habits PSY 250 January 22, 2012 Pamela J. Lemons Watson states that behaviorism is the scientific study of human behavior. It is simply the study of what people do. Behaviorism is intended to take psychology up to the same level as other sciences (Watson, 1928). The behaviorism approach is used to make predictions on one's observable behavior patterns, then to determine the causal results to come up with a patterned response and stimuli involved (Watson, 1928). This means that a stimulus can cause a response or a response can be traced back to a stimulus. According to Watson, life's most complicated acts are but combinations of these simple stimulus-response patterns of behavior (Watson, 1928). When a person learns to interact with the environment it is called conditioning. A behaviorist must know the difference between preconditioned behavior and inherited behavior passed down between generations. According to Murphy, "some believe that all learning is simply conditioning, and that the conditioned response is the true unit of learned behavior" (Murphy & Kluver, 1928, 1999). Habit Habits, which are reinforced in a good way tend to be repeated until they become a stable trait in one's personality. Alfred Bandura believed that one's learning, personality, and behavior comes from observing and modeling oneself after another human being. One sees the outcome of another, and depending on the positive or negative reaction that person receives, will remain the deciding factor when the person watching is faced with a similar decision (Friedman & Schustack, 2009). I do have one annoying habit I am trying to break without much success. I have a tendency to make excuses for people and situations without consciously knowing that it is happening, or a recollection of knowing what I said

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