Process Report of a Client Centred Therapy Session Reflection and Literature Review "It is that the individual has within himself or herself vast resources for self-understanding, for altering his or her self-concept, attitudes and self-directed behavior - and that these resources can be tapped if only a definable climate of facilitative psychological attitudes can be provided." (Rogers, 1986, cited in The Carl Rogers Reader by Kirschenbaum & Henderson, 1989, p.135) This process report is an assignment for the Humanistic Approach module required as evidence that students have acquired the skills and understood how to work with clients from a humanistic perspective. The humanistic approach evolved in the United States in 1950s and it was proposed by Carl Rogers who proposed that “therapy could be simpler,
Unconscious urges are described by Freud in his psychoanalytic theory. Observable behavior is emphasized in Albert Bandura’s social learning theory. The interaction of nature and nurture is emphasized in social learning theories · Which theories emphasize the impact of early experience on development? · How does each theory view the child? · How do the theories view adult development?
For example, one psychologist may use descriptive psychopathology to which will strive to provide answers for symptoms or mental illness. Either way, psychopathology is formally used to study mental illness or the distresses which may be affecting an individual. The issues of the abnormal psychology will assist in the study by the way we would use it in the attempt to capture interest, trigger concerns, and demands our attention. It also brings us to form and ask certain questions pertaining to any study. Psychopathology is not the same as psychopathy, which has to do with antisocial
The paper mainly focuses on the conceptual framework of Attachment theory as well as attachment style of a client with Self-esteem issues that helps in the case formulation and treatment plan in Cognitive Behavioural Theory (CBT). Attachment style can be explained as an emotional connection of one person with another. The aim of this research study is to evaluate an association between attachment theory and cognitive behavioural approaches, explicitly pointing out similarities as well as differences between both. For the research analysis, qualitative research methodology has been selected for which distinctive previous researches, books and journal article resources has been examined as the gathered evidences are based on attachment theory and psychotherapeutic approaches. Results and conclusion of study demonstrates that cognitive behavioural therapies in particular issues can help in prevention and treatment of the attachment style clients suffering from self-esteem issues.
The development of one’s personality is the focus of his theory. The goal of his person-centered theory was to achieve change in one’s personality on not only the surface but on a deeper level (Farber, 2007). The three core conditions Rogers felt were necessary to achieve change were empathy, unconditional positive regard, and genuineness. According to Rogers’s, his hypothesis for person-centered theory was “when a therapist demonstrates the ‘core conditions’ of unconditional positive regard, empathic understanding, and congruence and when the client perceives these at least to a minimal degree, then psychotherapeutic personality change and its positive correlates are inevitable (Kirschenbaum & Jourdan, 2005, p. 41).” This theory was chosen in analyzing the personality development of Antwone Fisher because it is this learner’s opinion that when working with traumatized individuals, especially those abused in childhood, empathy is the key to helping them. Person-centered theory and Rogers’s core conditions spoke to this learner whose long-term goal is to work with children who have been traumatized and suffer from disrupted attachment patterns.
In what ways does ‘Pathways Theory’ inform your understanding of how young people become involved in, and desist from, offending behaviour? Where possible make reference to your own practice. In this assignment I aim to discuss my understanding of ‘Pathways Theory’, its validity and furthermore the way in which it informs practice in predicting recidivism. Elder et al 2001 (cited in France and Homel, p.298) refers to ‘Pathways Theory’ as theoretical and empirical work in the field of life course studies and the developmental sciences, including developmental psychology, life span sociology and psychology, life history research and studies of the life cycle. I aim to highlight how ‘Pathways Theory’ influences the Youth Justice System coupled with the Scaled approach furthermore my knowledge and understanding of offending behaviour as a Youth Offending Officer within my practice, that of my team.
The psychological approach links to social care. The behaviourist therapy is shaping and changing social behaviour using the principles of operant conditioning using behaviour modification techniques typically, this involves establishing assistant of tokens or rewards to reinforce desired behaviour. Token economy is a common feature of mental health and commonly used in institutes. However, social reinforcement in modern care settings would be verbalised such as “well done” to build up self esteem and confidence. The psychological approach links to health practice.
On the other hand I am going to discuss how learning the person centred approach has affected my personal and work life in a positive way. The first core condition is called congruence; it can also be described as realness or genuineness. ‘it has been found that personal change is facilitated when the psychotherapist is what he is,
Mattheq Warren Psy 375 Life span perspective tries to understand how people develop and change through their life (Berger, 2008). The main goal of life span perspective is to concentrate on the continuous change of life, also, how people take in and adapt to the change in their life (Berger, 2008). There are many different ideas that include the properties and influences within the nature vs. nurture catch-22. Recent studies in psychology believe there contains a better understanding of this issue, and rather combines the influences that make out the development of a human life span (Berger, 2008). Of the different theories of Lifespan Development, Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory and Erik Erikson's theory of Psychosocial Development are among the key theories of Lifespan Development (Berger, 2008).
Sample introductions from first-year essays (psychology) Essay title: Compare and contrast, using examples, how ‘knowing’ something has a different meaning for a psychologist compared to a member of the lay public. Introduction 1: According to the Heinemann English Dictionary, ‘knowing’ something simply means ‘to understand’. However, before actually looking at the difference between knowing something as a lay person and as a psychologist, it is paramount to establish what psychology actually is. The definitions of psychology have changed over its lifetime; nonetheless, it is considered a science which looks at part of human behaviour. Introduction 2: There are many facts in life that all people will lay claim to ‘knowing’.