Atoms with the same number of protons but different numbers 1. Radiation deflected toward the positively charged plate Compare and contrast each pair of related terms. l j m k h i f b c a e d g 2. 78 protons Column A Date Use the periodic table to identify each element described below. Match each definition in Column A with the term in Column B.
Describe the differences between protons and electrons The difference between protons and electrons is that protons are positively charged and that elections are negatively charged. Another difference is that protons are in the nucleus and electrons circle the nucleus in shells outside the nucleus. What is the difference between the mass number and the relative atomic mass of an element? The difference between the mass number and the atomic mass is that the mass number is the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus and the relative atomic mass is the mass of an atom. Distinguish between an element and a compound with 2 examples for each An element is a substance that cannot be broken down into any simpler substances.
When the shells are full, the atom is unreactive. 3. How the numbers of the different sub-atomic particles determine the properties of the atom and the position of the element of the periodic table. The main nucleus of an atom is made of protons and neutrons. These added together make the relative atomic mass.
Your friend says that what makes one element distinct from another is the number of electrons about the atomic nucleus. Do you agree wholeheartedly, partially, or not at all? Explained • NO • What makes one element distinct from another is the number of protons in the nucleus. Hydrogen has 1, gold has 79, uranium has 92, etc. Not electrons.
David Kemp OCR Chemistry A Unit 1: F321 Atomic Structure (a) describe protons, neutrons and electrons in terms of relative charge and relative mass; Proton +1 1 Neutron 0 1 Electron -1 1/2000 Relative Charge Relative Mass (b) describe the distribution of mass and charge Within an atom; Positively charged Nucleus containing most of the mass, surrounded by atomic shells with orbiting electrons of negative charge and negligible mass. (c) describe the contribution of protons and neutrons to the nucleus of an atom, in terms of atomic (proton) number and mass (nucleon) number. The atomic number of the nucleus, also the proton number, shows the number of protons in the nucleus. It also defines the element. The number of neutrons added to the number of protons is the nucleon number or mass number.
Column 17 is made up of the more reactive gases- the halogens. The noble gases are in column 18. The electrons are the most significant part of an atom. When atoms don’t have the sufficient number of electrons they need in their outer level, they will do whatever they can to get the number they need. The number of protons an atom has is its atomic number.
EXPERIMENT 6 Title Kinetics of Chemical Reaction – Iodination of Cyclohexanone Aim To determine the value of the rate constant, k and order of reaction, a, b and c, and also to suggest a mechanism which agrees with the rate equation that has been obtained. Background Theory The basis of the theory of absorbance is as follows: Io ―――――→ sample ―――――→I if Io = I, no absorbance occur Io > I, the sample absorbs certain amount of light wave Io < I, the sample emits certain amount of light of certain wave length. THE HALOGENATION (IODINATION) OF KETONES (CYCLOHEXANONE) This experiment examined the rate of iodination of cyclohexanone in an aqueous medium. To increase the amount of iodine in the solution, iodine is converted to a more soluble complex ion, I3- by the addition of excess iodide ion: I2 + I- →I3- One of the characteristic reactions of ketones is the substitution of a halogen for one of the hydrogen is adjacent to the ketone group. The net reaction is: This reaction has been studied extensively and occurs for a wide variety of ketones.
Nuclear fission: Nuclear fission is the process in which a large nucleus breaks into two smaller nuclei that are almost equal in mass. Energy is released during nuclear fission. The earliest nuclear fission was carried out by Cockcroft and Walton, who used fast protons from a linear particle accelerator to bombard lithium nuclei. The energy released is equal to the difference in the binding energy of the products and the binding energy of the nucleus before fission. The energy released is in the form of increased kinetic energy of the product particles and any radiation emitted.
The presence of the positive charge induces a mass migration of electrons from sphere B towards (and into) sphere A. This movement is induced by the simple principle that opposites attract. Negatively charged electrons throughout the two-sphere system are attracted to the positively charged balloon. This movement of electrons from sphere B to sphere A leaves sphere B with an overall positive charge and sphere A with an overall negative charge. The two-sphere system has been polarized.