Bayonets Before Bullets - the Imperial Russian Army 1861-1914 Essay

10603 WordsMay 2, 201543 Pages
17 Nearly three years later, the iterative nature of the reform process dictated further transformation. Creation of the military districts had revealed the wisdom of combining closely related quartermaster (operational) and unit assignment (deployment) functions within district staffs. Common sense and Miliutin's own experience also indicated that the resulting broadening of horizons and functional cross-fertilization would help bridge the inevitable gap between line officers and officers of the General Staff, the latter of whom occupied corresponding staff positions both at the center and within the districts. By the end of 1865, the logic of combining analogous functional concerns and diversification of job experience at the highest level justified merging the GUGSh with the Inspectorate Department of the War Ministry to form the Main Staff. Thus Miliutin attained the overall objective of combining within a single organization on the French pattern both the operational concerns of the Quartermaster General and the order of battle concerns of the Inspectorate. The resulting change also reduced confusion by standardizing functional areas of competence within both the Main Staff and analogous staffs at the district, army, and wartime corps levels.41 The negative side of reform was that Miliutin had created within the War Ministry a sprawling secondary empire, the multiple and compartmentalized concerns of which prevented single-minded concentration on fundamental linkages between strategy and mobilization. The new Main Staff possessed broad military-administrative powers, including jurisdiction over statistical information, personnel, and recruitment and matters related to the structure, deployment, and service of troops. According to the 1869 table of organization, the Main Staff consisted of six subdivisions: Military-Topographical Section, Committee for the

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