Bay of Pigs: an Underestimation of Castro and Communist Power

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Bay of Pigs: An Underestimation of Castro and Communist Power Bay of Pigs: An Underestimation of Castro and Communist Power The Bay of Pigs was a covert operation, on April 17, 1961, led by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to overthrow Fidel Castro. Castro came into power in 1959 and began a campaign to free Cuba from American businesses and interference. He also allied Cuba with the Soviet Union in 1960. On March 17, 1960 President Eisenhower approved a plan from the CIA titled "A Program of Covert Action against the Castro Regime." and gave it a budget of roughly 4.5 million dollars. The plan changed many times as discussions and time went and Castro grew stronger. There was also a presidency change on January 20, 1961 when John F. Kennedy took office. He had concerns about the plan that led to even more changes. The final plan consisted of an attack by roughly 1,500 Cuban exiles known as Brigade 2506 that had been training in Nicaragua by American forces. The plan called for three air strikes prior to the landing. The first was on April 15, but Castro had received word prior and was able to move most of his planes leaving the strike ineffective at crippling his air power. The next two strikes were canceled prior to the April 17th landing at the beach known as Bahía de Cochinos, or the Bay of Pigs. There has been much speculation as to why the United States decided to invade Cuba and why they chose covert operations to do so. Many also question why it failed so badly and who was ultimately responsible for its failure, President Kennedy or the CIA. The fact is that the Bay of Pigs was a result of the Castro’s un-American sentiments, his ties to the Soviet Union, and fears of having a communist country so close to the United States borders. Ultimately failed not because of the ability of the plan or the people involved in the mission but
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