Bauhaus School Essay

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Bauhaus school German school of art, design, and architecture founded in 1919 in Weimar by the architect Walter Gropius, who aimed to fuse art, design, architecture, and crafts into a unified whole. By 1923, as Germany's economy deteriorated, handcrafts were dropped in favour of a more functionalist approach, combining craft design with industrial production. The adoption of industrial technology had previously been criticized by other craft and design movements. In 1925, under political and financial pressure, the Bauhaus moved to Dessau, where it was housed in a building designed by Gropius, and formalized a new statement of beliefs: ‘Art and Technology, a new unity’. In 1932 it made another forced move to Berlin, where it was closed by the Nazis the following year. In spite of its short life and troubled existence, the Bauhaus is regarded as the most important art school of the 20th century, and it exercised a huge influence on the world of design: its art education system was adopted by the rest of the art world. The teachers at the school included some of the outstanding artists of the time, among them the painters Paul Klee and Vasily Kandinsky and the architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Some of the most revolutionary, and now familiar, designs of the 20th century came out of the Bauhaus, including buildings constructed from steel and glass, and tubular steel furniture. Features of Bauhaus-style architecture, also known as the International style, include glass curtain walls, cubic blocks, and unsupported corners. Those who worked at the school shared three clear ideals with Gropius: to stop each of the forms of art from being isolated from each other; to raise the status of crafts to the same level as that of fine arts; and to maintain contact with the leaders of industry and craft, in order to achieve independence from government control by selling
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