During this event Speer and Hitler became close friends and when Troost died in 1934, Speer filled his position as the Party’s Chief Architect. The most prestigious of Speer architectural assignments was the Germania Project of 1937. The plan was based on Hitler’s perception that Germany was the most powerful country in the world. With this assignment, he was named First Architect of the Reich. The assignment involved the design of a new Reich Chancellery and the destruction of thousands of Jewish homes.
“A new architecture, the great building – these were the goals of Bauhaus education as formulated by Gropius in the Manifesto” (Droste, 2002, p.40). Geometric shapes and functional style the Bauhaus heralded the modern age of architecture and design. Founded in 1919 by Walter Gropius and directed afterwards by Hannes Meyer and Ludwig Mies Van de Rohe, the Bauhaus is today considered to be the most important schools of art, design, and architecture of the 20th century. Dessau in Germany, a two hour train ride from Berlin; there in 1926 Walter Gropius built his higher academy for the arts “The Bauhaus”. For the inhabitance of Dessau, the building that rose up before the rise was a peculiar thing with its glass walls, right angles, and flat roofs.
Albert Speer was the infamous architect whom served Adolf Hitler from 1933. He has been called many names, most famously ‘The Good Nazi’. Albert Speer was born on the 19th of March, 1905 in Mannheim. Both his grandfather and father worked as architects and his family was a quite wealthy, upper middle class family. He was born near the French-German border and lived a childhood of privilege and material affluence.
Hence, fortune and opportunity significant assisted Speer’s rise. Speer’s subsequent design of the Nuremberg rally and his trademark Cathedral of Light formed the basis of Speer’s initial international prominence. On 30th of January 1937 Speer was officially commissioned as Inspector General of Buildings for the Renovation of the Federal Capital (GBI). Speer’s power grew, leaping prominent figures such as Goebbel’s as he became answerable only to Hitler for the ‘Germania’ project to refurbish Berlin and 40 “Fuhrer cities”. Speer’s successes constructing the
Albert Speer was with no uncertainty a significant figure and member within the Nationalist Socialist Party who contributed a noteworthy amount to Nazi ideology and practice. His influence however within the Nazi Party grew as time went on holding key positions such as Hitler's architect, Head of German Labour Front and Minister for Armaments and Munitions from 8 February 1942 among other tasks. At this position Speer had substantial power and was also said to be the second most powerful man in the Third Reich after Hitler. In 1934 Speer became the ˜First Architect of the Reich,' before this however he had menial tasks such as renovating the Gauhaus in Berlin and organising a backdrop for the May Day rally at the Templehof airfield in Berlin
Die Brucke was dissolved by 1913, and World War I and stopped most groups activity. The World War I period was from the years 1914 to 1918 and a lot of changes happened during this era. (1) The bridge that the artist wanted to design and make was one which was going to be built through art to enlighten the future. One of the founders was Ernst Ludwig Kirchner who illustrated Street. In the painting there are intense colors show and the Expressionism is linking with Fauvism and making a great influence on the painting.
The classic anti-war film All Quiet on the Western Front (1930), directed by Lewis Milestone, has been restored by the Library of Congress Motion Picture Conservation Centre. Based on the best-selling novel by Erich Maria Remarque, the book and film tell the story of a group of German students who volunteer to fight in the 1914-18 War. It is not a story of heroes, but of ordinary young men trapped in a terrestrial hell; a bitter critique of war that resonates as powerfully today as it did before the next ‘war to end all wars’. All Quiet on the Western Front was not the only film inspired by the First World War. One of the most famous, Abel Gance’s J’accuse (whose title echoes the notorious Dreyfus affair of 1894) appeared in 1919.
In this speech he stated that “the only thing we have to fear is fear itself”. (Guisepi, Robert A.) These words have been remembered ever since. During Roosevelt’s “First Hundred Days” he proposed the First New Deal. This was Roosevelt’s plan to restore the economy.
The modernist project, the Schminke house that was created in 1933, was designed by one of the leading advocates of modern design, Hans Sharouns. Inspiration behind the piece was the Villa Savoye, created by Le Corbusier. The Schminke house was referred to as ‘organic architecture’, Hans Scharouns approach to the structure was to shape it by its use and the movement which will be created throughout it. The materiality of the house consisted mainly of steel for structure purposes and glass; the different colours of steel within the structure and the large area of space gave it an industrial feel. The interiors of the house have various soft vibrant colours, which contribute to the soothing, warm atmosphere created throughout the house.
In the same year, December, the Assessors reported, that they had selected a set of drawings. On 13 January, 1897 the Chairman opened an envelope and drew out the name of Honeyman and Keppie, the company, where Charles Rennie Mackintosh used to work, as winners. While Newbery, as a Headmaster, would rightly have had a large say in this decision, it was solely at his insistence, and against bitter opposition, that Mackintosh won this competition. However, his designs would certainly have exasperated the Glasgow architectural establishment for no other reason than it is the nature of establishments to oppose the new. The local newspapers gave notes, remarking, that the entrance was in the center of the building and missing the whole subtle, balanced the asymmetry of façade.