Bauhaus And Art

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Bauhaus is a school of art and design which was founded by known architect, Walter Gropius in Weimar in 1919 and closed by the Nazis in 1933. Successfully moving to Dessau in 1925 and Berlin in 1932, Bauhaus first opened for a short period of time and was considered the most famous art school of the 20th century. The Bauhaus philosophy is centered on the functionality of design and playing a main idea of combining art, craftsmanship and technology. Bauhaus design can be found in many categories, such as, furniture, architecture, graphic design and more. Graphic design is the most universal of all of the arts. It is a visual communication by a combination of text and image to form advertisement, poster, book, magazine and etc. The Bauhaus was born out of the catastrophe of World War One and rejected the idea of the past and accepts the age of the machine. The origin of the Bauhaus is rooted from the School of Arts and Crafts opened in Weimar. The building was designed by the first headmaster, Henry Van de Velde. During the First World War, however, his Belgian status prevented him from continuing his administrative powers, therefore suggesting Walter Gropius, a leader of Deutsches Werkbund movement, to continue it. In 1919, the School of art and craft combined with Weimar Art Academy then became Bauhaus, School of art and design. Bauhaus is based on the principle of art meeting the needs of society due to German lose in the war, in monetary difficulties and economic problems leading to runaway inflation, which bankrupted the middle classes. [Anon, Iconic Interiors, 2009, Online]. The concept behind this movement was to create an educational institute, which would foster “the unity of all creative arts under the primacy of architecture and for the reconsideration of the crafts by the artists” [Walter Gropius, 1919]. The Bauhaus curriculum returned to the

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