Battle for Okinawa

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BATTLE OF OKINAWA SSG Dustin G. McClure Strength Maintenance Training Center SLC Class # 13-004 SFC Matthew Roberts May 6th, 2013 Abstract This research paper was written to uncover lessons form the Battle of Okinawa which was code named operation Iceberg. This battle was the largest and final battle of the Pacific War which resulted in a hard fought victory for the United States. Allied forces needed the island of Okinawa because its air fields were within range of main land Japan which was believed to be an instrumental key in defeating the Japanese in World War II. The intention uncovered in the lessons learned will explain how the lessons of this conflict can transcend time and doctrine and be applied today in the recruiting and retention career management field. Define the Subject On April 1st 1945 Operation Iceberg began with an amphibious force larger than any the world had ever seen. The operation took place on the Island of Okinawa, the largest of a string of islands called the Rvukyu Retto. The US deployed a force of 208,000 comprised of men from the US Army, Marine Corp, and Navy. The defending force they faced were the Japanese Thirty Second Army comprised of 130,000 soldiers commanded by Lieutenant General Mitsuru Ushijima (The Readers Companion To Military History [Readers Companion], 1996, p. 1). The reason why the island held such strategic value was because it had airfields that brought US bombers within sticking range of continental Japan, which would allow the US to employ air raid strategies that proved extremely successful in Europe. Set the Stage The United States a neutral party in the erupting World War is taking by surprise when an unprovoked attack by Imperial Japan on Naval Station Pearl Harbor takes place at 0755 on December 7th 1941 led by Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto (Naval History & Heritage Command

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