With their light brown wooden paperclip shapes, they looked more like bassoons. In 1838, Adolphe Sax un-raveled the clarinet body, and it became the straight instrument we know it as today. Despite the fact that the bass clarinet has been around for a while, the first solo recital was not performed on it until 1955, when Josef Horák marked history by being the first professional player to dedicate an entire recital to the instrument. Bass clarinets are commonly made of plastic or African hardwood with the keys, bell and rods constructed of nickel, silver or other composite metal. The mouthpiece, which holds the reed, is made of plastic, resin, hard rubber or other composite material.
ESSAY ASSIGNMENT #5 Part I. The two giants of the baroque period were George Frideric Handel and Johann Sebastian Bach. Summarize what elements might be found in their music highlighted in the "Characteristics of Baroque Music" section. Including the following elements: Unity of Mood, Rhythm, Melody, Dynamics, Texture, and the Basso Continuo or Figured Bass. In the Baroque period the music consisted of one main mood throughout, if it begins with grief it will end with grief.
The harpsichord was phased out and replaced with the invention of the piano during the Classical period. During the Baroque period, two bass instruments would read off the same line of music with numbers written above notes for the third bass to play. Music from the Baroque period seems very one dimensional and intended to be played to a smaller audience. The text described it best (Sporre, 2013), “Classical in contrast to Baroque style, which typically dealt with a single emotion, Classical pieces typically explore contrasts between moods. They may contrast moods within movements and also within themes (Pg.
Pre-Christian drawings of the early flute appear on Roman artifacts. Additional works of art, including two Etruscan reliefs which date from the second and third centuries B.C., clearly showed cross flutes being played. Theobald Boehm, a German flute maker and musicin, developed the first cylindrical metal flute in 1832. This was the most widely used model in the 20th century. The cylindrical Boehm flute is made of metal or wood and has thirteen or more tone holes controlled by a system of padded keys which Boehm created.
1) 2) 3) THEME-BUILDING BLOCK THEMATIC DEVELOPMENT-EXPANDING THE THEME MOTIVE-SMALLEST MELODIC UNIT OF A THEME THE CLASSICAL ORCHESTRA 1) ESTABLISHED IT AS WE KNOW IT TODAY 2) BLENDED THE FOUR INSTRUMENTAL FAMILIES A) THE HEART WAS THE STRING CHOIR B) WOODWINDS ASSISTED THE STRINGS C) BRASS SUSTAINED HARMONIES AND ADDED BODY D) PERCUSSION (TIMPANI) SUPPLIED RHYTHMIC LIFE 3) 30-40 PLAYERS 4) VOLUME OF SOUND WAS NOT STRONG 5) LIFE BEGAN TO MOVE TOWARD THE CONCERT HALL (NEAR THE END OF THE PERIOD) with Beethoven 6) GRADUAL CRESCENDOS AND DECRESCENDOS 7) THE PIANO WAS INVENTED DURING THIS
1. Introduction The flute is one of the oldest musical instruments, having a history that dates back to prehistoric times where mammoth tusks were being used to create this reedless aerophone. The modern concert flute is a traverse (side-blown) instrument, and adopts the Boehm fingering system, which was developed in the early 1800s. It is typically made out of three parts, namely the headjoint (where the embouchure hole in which the player blows into and across is located), the body (which houses the bulk of the flute’s circular toneholes and key mechanism), as well as the footjoint. It is also pitched in the key of C, making it a non-transposing instrument, and has a range spanning over 3 octaves starting from middle C (C4), or a semi-tone lower (B3), depending on the footjoint being used.
This scale is used most often in Spanish Flamenco music. It consists of a minor 2nd, 3rd, 6th, and 7th. The Lydian mode uses the Major scale where there is an interval of a perfect 4th below the tonic note. The Lydian mode is used most often with improvisation of Major chords. The Myxolydian mode is the opposite from the Lydian mode because it uses the interval of a perfect 5th below the tonic note or a perfect 4th above the Tonic note.
Folk Music Terminology Joe Ryan 1) Folk Music- The music of the common people of a society or geographic area. 2) Ethnic Music- Music that is characteristics of a particular culture or group of people, but not of the music of the common people of that culture. 3) Oral Tradition- The process in which music is preserved by people through hearing the music, remembering it, and then performing it. 4) Pentatonic Scale- a five-note scale, usually with the pattern of whole steps and half steps encountered on the black keys of the piano. 5) Dulcimer- Looks like a long, flat violin with three strings.
Critical Study of Sir (Ahmed) Salman Rushdie ('The Moor') by Bhupen Khakhar [pic] Sir (Ahmed) Salman Rushdie ('The Moor') by Bhupen Khakhar 1995 Oil on linen: 1219mm x 1219mm National Portrait Gallery Commision Universal Themes The universal theme for this painting is the human figure and its identity, but the subject is surrounded by imaginary characters from Rushdie’s book and so there is also a reference to mythology . Content This portrait is of Salman Rushdie; a critically acclaimed author. The portrait was commissioned by the National Portrait Gallery and intended to be a formal piece to be kept for posterity and to be displayed to the public. Khakhar was a friend of Rushdie and, although the subject has been observed directly from life, it does not glamorize Rushdie’s appearance, but uses the influence of pop art and draws on traditional forms of Indian and western art to create a image that captures Rushdie’s status and importance. Khakhar chose to position Rushdie in the centre of the painting surrounded by scenes from his novel, The Moor’s Last Sigh, rather than illustrating Rushdie naturally, in a traditional and realistic environment.
This section is based upon the repeated quaver motif taken from bar 45 with the motif played only in the string section (bars 138-140). A descending Eb major scale is played in bar 143 to end the 2nd section and take us into the 3rd section of the development. The 3rd section (bar 144-160) features another